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Wednesday, 25 May 2011

Kenya enshrines environmental rights in new constitution

Constitutional reform grants Kenyans the “right to a clean and healthy environment”

Environmental rights have been explicitly recognised as part of the constitutional relationship between Kenya’s Government and its people for the first time. Adopted last year following a referendum, the new constitution grants every person “the right to a clean and healthy environment, which includes the right to have the environment protected for the benefit of present and future generations through legislative and other measures”.
Local lawyers have welcomed the step. Maurice Makoloo, Director of the Institute for Law and Environmental Governance, Nairobi, says that the new legal provisions would have a “profound effect” on prospects for environmental litigation. Specifically, says Makoloo, they will alleviate procedural barriers to court hearings, and improve public access to information about the environment. “These new rights elevate discourse on environmental issues to a higher level”, he adds.
Kenya faces severe problems of deforestation, which have been blamed for widespread soil erosion in many of the country’s hilly regions. Laws preventing forest clearance are widely flouted. Kenya joins a growing band of low-income countries enshrining environmental protection in constitutional law. Neighbouring Ethiopia’s first comprehensive statement of Environmental Policy, which includes the mandate that developmental projects “shall not damage or destroy the environment”, was approved back in 1997. Ecuador followed in 2008, granting “nature [the] right to exist, persist, maintain and regenerate its vital cycles, structure, functions and its processes in evolution”.
For Niall Watson, Programmes Legal Adviser at WWF-UK, considering the environment as a human right is a “powerful national statement”, and one which mirrors the rising prominence of environmental concerns in the developing world.
But will a step change in environmental protection result? Christoph Schwarte of the Foundation for International Environmental Law and Development in London cautions that, while legal traditions and contexts vary, environmental rights have often been only of “marginal” practical significance. “The extent to which there is further legislation and the mechanisms that provide means for citizens to claim rights” will have to be closely watched, he says.


Green Economy and Developing Countries

-Green Economy - Developing Countries Success Stories - UNEP
http://www.unep.org/pdf/GreenEconomy_SuccessStories.pdf
-Developing countries fear being duped by green economy
As global rhetoric on the need to move towards green economy gains
ground, developing countries fear that the new discourse could be used
to justify unilateral trade protection measures, merely strengthening
inequalities between rich and poor nations and hindering their
development.
A new report on the benefits, challenges and risks of the transition
to a 'green economy' was presented last week to national delegations
preparing for a major United Nations conference on sustainable
development – the so-called 'Rio+20' summit – scheduled to take place
in June 2012
http://www.euractiv.com/en/sustainability/developing-countries-fear-duped-green-economy-news-503114
-The Transition to a Green Economy: Benefits, Challenges and Risks
from a Sustainable Development Perspective

http://www.uncsd2012.org/rio20/content/documents/Green%20Economy_full%20report.pdf
-Developing Countries Raise Concerns On "Green Economy" as Rio+20
Begins

At the first session to prepare for Rio Plus 20 (the 2012 Sustainable
Development Summit in Rio) in New York on 17-19 May, the "Green
Economy" was one of the most significant topics.
http://www.southcentre.org/index.php?option=com_content&view=article&id=1311%3Asb47&catid=144%3Asouth-bulletin-individual-articles&Itemid=287&lang=en
-Green Economy Coalition urges G20 to match rhetoric with action
A new coalition of international business, trade unions, research and
environmental organisations is calling on the G20 nations to follow
through on their pledges to accelerate the transition to a green
economy and secure a visionary global deal on climate change, in an
open letter published today
http://www.iied.org/general/media/green-economy-coalition-urges-g20-match-rhetoric-action

Forests and Climate Change in Africa

Protecting our forests
It is alarming. Ghana's forest cover is virtually gone. At
independence, this nation had 8.2 million hectares of tropical rain
forest. Now we may not have one million of this left. We have lost
more than 90 percent of our forest cover in half a century of self-
government.

As a people, we have contrived to deny ourselves the resources with
which to push our development agenda. Officially, about 200 timber
companies are under license to trade in trees. But, this figure pales
into insignificance, compared to the number of unlicensed agents
competing among themselves to deplete our forests.

http://news.myjoyonline.com/features/201105/65606.asp

Ignoring corruption in climate adaptation could cost lives – report
LONDON (AlertNet) - Adapting to the impacts of climate change will
bring heightened corruption risks as increasing amounts of money flow
into infrastructure projects, aid for weather-related disasters and
help for people leaving inhospitable environments, says a new report
from Transparency International (TI).
None of the 20 countries judged to be most vulnerable to climate
change - mainly in Africa and South Asia - scores higher than 3.6 on
TI's annual corruption perceptions index, in which 0 is extremely
corrupt and 10 is very clean, according to the "Global Corruption
Report" from the Berlin-based anti-graft group.

http://www.trust.org/alertnet/news/ignoring-corruption-in-climate-adaptation-could-cost-lives-report

New Study: Understanding Rainfall Vital to Ensuring Africa's Food
Security Against Climate Threat

Nearly 90 percent of African food is produced from rain-fed
agriculture, but the uncertainty of the weather makes this a risky
operation, limiting farmer's willingness to invest, says a new
research published in the journal Experimental Agriculture.
The research points out that the riskiness will probably increase with
climate change. Careful analysis of weather changes and related risks
can reveal viable options for farmers.
"Decades of poor investments in rain-fed agriculture, partly because
it is viewed as risky, leave millions of Africans vulnerable to the
vagaries of weather and climate change," said World Agroforestry
Centre (ICRAF) scientist Ric Coe, co-author and editor of a special
issue of Experimental Agriculture devoted to analysing tools
researchers and farmers can use to manage climate uncertainty in sub-
Saharan Africa.

http://www.africasciencenews.org/asns/index.php?option=com_content&task=view&id=2788&Itemid=2

[ECSNet] Ignoring corruption in climate adaptation could cost lives – report

Ignoring corruption in climate adaptation could cost lives – report
LONDON (AlertNet) - Adapting to the impacts of climate change will
bring heightened corruption risks as increasing amounts of money flow
into infrastructure projects, aid for weather-related disasters and
help for people leaving inhospitable environments, says a new report
from Transparency International (TI).
None of the 20 countries judged to be most vulnerable to climate
change - mainly in Africa and South Asia - scores higher than 3.6 on
TI's annual corruption perceptions index, in which 0 is extremely
corrupt and 10 is very clean, according to the "Global Corruption
Report" from the Berlin-based anti-graft group.

http://www.trust.org/alertnet/news/ignoring-corruption-in-climate-adaptation-could-cost-lives-report
--

Green Economy: Why a Green Economy Matters for the Least Developed Countries?

Green Economy: Why a Green Economy Matters for the Least Developed
Countries?
http://www.unctad.org/en/docs/unep_unctad_un-ohrlls_en.pdf
--

UK Government to support developing countries in reducing their carbon emissions

UK Government to support developing countries in reducing their carbon
emissions (joint DECC/DfID press notice)
Press Notice: 2011/036
11 April 2011
Today the UK Government gave its backing to a global scheme which will
help developing countries cut their carbon emissions.

The UK Government will support the World Bank's Partnership for Market
Readiness to help developing countries set up their own carbon trading
systems to cut emissions. This will allow more investment in green
technologies across the world and help stimulate private sector low
carbon investment opportunities.
The UK's support joins financial contributions from the European
Commission, Germany, Norway, Australia and the United States, and will
help up to 15 developing countries to set up market-based policies
including better international crediting systems and domestic trading
schemes.

http://www.decc.gov.uk/en/content/cms/news/pn_036/pn_036.aspx

Indigenous Peoples Have a New Forum Now

Indigenous Peoples Have a New Forum Now
(Stephano Colombo | DP-News- IDN)
Rome - Indigenous peoples comprise one-third of the world's one
billion extreme poor in rural areas. They are among the most
vulnerable and marginalized of any group. Spread over 70 countries and
representing diverse cultural backgrounds, they share many concerns
such as limited access to healthcare and education, loss of control
over lands, displacement and violations of basic human rights.

In order to find a way out of their plight, they have been asking for
a more systematic dialogue with United Nations agencies. The
International Fund for Agricultural Development (IFAD) has responded
with a series of initiatives in the past seven years and accumulated
valuable experience in establishing constructive dialogue with them

http://www.dp-news.com/en/detail.aspx?articleid=75670
http://www.ifad.org/events/ip/index.htm

A TOOLKIT FOR ENVIRONMENTAL ADVOCACY

A TOOLKIT FOR ENVIRONMENTAL ADVOCACY
IN AFRICA
http://www.eli.org/pdf/africa/Advocacy_Tools_Handbook_Final_3.pdf
--

Promoting Transparency, Integrity and Accountability in the Water and Sanitation Sector in Uganda

Promoting Transparency, Integrity and Accountability in the Water and
Sanitation Sector in Uganda
Maria Jacobson, Sam Mutono, Erik Nielsen, Donal O'Leary & Rosemary Rop
http://www.wsp.org/wsp/sites/wsp.org/files/publications/WIN_WSP_Uganda_report.pdf

[ANER] REGIONAL WORKSHOP ON Medicinal Plants & Traditional

REGIONAL WORKSHOP ON Medicinal Plants & Traditional
Medicine in Africa
PROCEEDINGS
http://idl-bnc.idrc.ca/dspace/bitstream/10625/22741/1/112956.pdf

Kenya enshrines environmental rights in new constitution

Constitutional reform grants Kenyans the “right to a clean and healthy environment”

Environmental rights have been explicitly recognised as part of the constitutional relationship between Kenya’s Government and its people for the first time. Adopted last year following a referendum, the new constitution grants every person “the right to a clean and healthy environment, which includes the right to have the environment protected for the benefit of present and future generations through legislative and other measures”.
Local lawyers have welcomed the step. Maurice Makoloo, Director of the Institute for Law and Environmental Governance, Nairobi, says that the new legal provisions would have a “profound effect” on prospects for environmental litigation. Specifically, says Makoloo, they will alleviate procedural barriers to court hearings, and improve public access to information about the environment. “These new rights elevate discourse on environmental issues to a higher level”, he adds.
Kenya faces severe problems of deforestation, which have been blamed for widespread soil erosion in many of the country’s hilly regions. Laws preventing forest clearance are widely flouted. Kenya joins a growing band of low-income countries enshrining environmental protection in constitutional law. Neighbouring Ethiopia’s first comprehensive statement of Environmental Policy, which includes the mandate that developmental projects “shall not damage or destroy the environment”, was approved back in 1997. Ecuador followed in 2008, granting “nature [the] right to exist, persist, maintain and regenerate its vital cycles, structure, functions and its processes in evolution”.
For Niall Watson, Programmes Legal Adviser at WWF-UK, considering the environment as a human right is a “powerful national statement”, and one which mirrors the rising prominence of environmental concerns in the developing world.
But will a step change in environmental protection result? Christoph Schwarte of the Foundation for International Environmental Law and Development in London cautions that, while legal traditions and contexts vary, environmental rights have often been only of “marginal” practical significance. “The extent to which there is further legislation and the mechanisms that provide means for citizens to claim rights” will have to be closely watched, he says.

Tuesday, 24 May 2011

2011-05-22 NRMI: This Issue: Indonesia forest, secondary forest definitions and Some Other Good Things

2011-05-22 NRMI: NATURAL RESOURCE MONITORING ITEMS OF INTEREST
This Issue: Indonesia forest, secondary forest definitions and Some Other Good Things
BUT FIRST, WON’T YOU PLEASE HELP? Tree Volume through Canopy Surface. Dean Carstens writes, “I'm looking for a paper, or even better, formulas on how to determine tree volume through canopy cover. I'm specifically interested in Eucalyptus plantations. I won't be able to determine the whole canopy volume or cover, but only the top surface. Think LiDAR, where you only have the visible surface up top to work with. Someone must have done something like this, but I'm not able to find anything definitive.” If you can help, please contact Dean at deancarstens@yahoo.com.
FEEDBACK – Indonesia forest, secondary forest definitions - In March Elgin Hertel wrote, ”I am a Master student at the Utrecht University and currently writing my thesis about uncertainties considering carbon accounting for initiatives like EU RED and REDD. I am in particular interested in forest, secondary forest or / and secondary forest regrowth definitions for Indonesia, as my case study lies in Kalimantan. I am wondering if those definitions simply go along with the standard definitions by FAO and UNFCCC or if there is maybe a more specialised one existing?” Here are some sites that may be of interest. If you know of other definitions, please contact Elgin at elgin_hertel@web.de.
General
ASB. 2009. If we cannot define it, we cannot save it: forest definitions and REDD - Ambiguous forest definitions may become a major bottleneck in reaching REDD agreements at and beyond. Policy Brief 15. ASB Partnership for the Tropical Forest Margins. 4 p. http://www.asb.cgiar.org/pdfwebdocs/ASBPB15.pdf
Contreras-Hermosilla, Arnoldo; Fay, Chip. 2005. Strengthening forest management in Indonesia through land tenure reform: Issues and framework for Action. 55 p. http://www.forest-trends.org/documents/files/doc_107.pdf
Sasak, Nophea; Putz, Francis E. 2009. Critical need for new definitions of “forest” and “forest degradation” in global climate change agreements. Conservation Letters xx (2009) 1–7. http://www.redd-monitor.org/wordpress/wp-content/uploads/2009/09/2009-Putz-Conservation-Letters-on-REDD.pdf Authors recommend that natural forest be differentiated from plantations and that for defining “forest” the lower height limit defining “trees” be set at more than 5 m tall with the minimum cover of trees be set at more than 40%.
UNEP. 2009. Vital Forest Graphics. 75 p. http://www.unep.org/vitalforest/Report/VFG_full_report.pdf
Indonesia Definitions of ‘Forest’
Moniaga, Sandra 2009. Fighting over the land and forest. Inside Indonesia. http://www.insideindonesia.org/edition-98/fighting-over-the-land-and-forest. 1999 Forestry Law, ‘forest area’ means a certain area designated or stipulated by the government to be retained as permanent forest, and ‘state forest’ means a forest located on ‘lands bearing no ownership rights’ (the Indonesian phrase is ‘tanah yang tidak dibebani hak atas tanah’).
Lund, H. Gyde (coord.) 2011 rev* Definitions of Forest, Deforestation, Afforestation, and Reforestation. [Online] Gainesville, VA: Forest Information Services. Misc. pagination.http://home.comcast.net/~gyde/DEFpaper.htm.
1.      A unit of ecosystem in the form of lands comprising biological resources, dominated by trees in their natural forms and environment, which can not be separated each other. http://www2.bonet.co.id/dephut/41-99-1.htm
2.      Hutan adalah hamparan lahan yang berisi atau yang dikehendaki akan berisi pepohonan, unsur-unsur hayati lainnya, dan non-hayati yang secara keseluruhan merupakan satu kesatuan ekosistem. (Rancangan Undang-Undang Nomor .... Tahun 1998 tentang Kehutanan). (Translation: A forest is a spread out area filled with or planned to be filled with trees, other living (biological) and non-living elements which as a whole form a ecosystem unit. (Law on Forestry, Number ... Year 1998))Other terms used in this law are: - Sumberdaya hutan (forest resource) - Kawasan hutan (forest area) - Kawasan hutan negara (state forest land) - Kawasan hutan adat (traditional forest land) - Kawasan hutan produksi (production forest) - Kawasan hutan lindung (conservation/protected forest). Source: Nico Smith, MSc. Lecturer at Fakultas Kehutanan Universitas Muhammadiyah Sumatra Barat.
3.      Hutan ialah suatu lapangan bertumbuhan pohon-pohon yang secara keseluruhan merupakan persekutuan hidup alam hayati beserta alam lingkungannya dan yang ditetapkan oleh Pemerintah sebagai hutan. (Translation: A forest is an area growing trees which as a whole forms a living natural community and natural living environment, which is designated by the government as being forest). Source: Decision of the Minister of Forestry and Plantations on social forest(ry) (Keputusan Menteri Kehutanan dan Perkebunan tentang hutan kemasyarakatan, Number 677/Kpts-II/1998) based on the Forestry Law provided by Nico Smith, MSc. Lecturer at Fakultas Kehutanan Universitas Muhammadiyah Sumatra Barat
4.      (1999) ‘forest area’ means a certain area designated or stipulated by the government to be retained as permanent forest, and ‘state forest’ means a forest located on ‘lands bearing no ownership rights’ (the Indonesian phrase is ‘tanah yang tidak dibebani hak atas tanah’). http://insideindonesia.org/content/view/1245/47/
5.      (2000) - Forest area means a certain area which is designated and/or stipulated by government to be retained as permanent forest. http://www.fire.uni-freiburg.de/iffn/country/id/id_25.htm
6.      (2000) "Forest means a unit of ecosystem….comprising biological resources, dominated by trees in their natural forms and environment….". Indonesia. http://www.fire.uni-freiburg.de/iffn/country/id/id_25.htm
7.      (2002) Land on which trees form the dominant vegetation type. The Indonesian government uses a land use definition of forest in the various land use classes that comprise “Permanent Forest Status” (see below). However, up to 20 percent of Permanent Forest Status land has been deforested. http://www.globalforestwatch.org/common/indonesia/sof.indonesia.english.low.pdf
8.      (Papua-2002) Forest area means a certain area which is designated and or stipulated by government to be retained as permanent forest. http://74.125.93.132/search?q=cache:bwzUkrDvEFsJ:www.papuaweb.org/dlib/lap/sullivan/perdasi-perdasus/forestry.rtf+%22forest+means%22&cd=215&hl=en&ct=clnk&gl=us&client=safari
9.      (Papua-2002) Forest means a unit of ecosystem in the form of lands comprising biological resources, dominated by trees in their natural forms and environment, which can not be separated each other. http://74.125.93.132/search?q=cache:bwzUkrDvEFsJ:www.papuaweb.org/dlib/lap/sullivan/perdasi-perdasus/forestry.rtf+%22forest+means%22&cd=215&hl=en&ct=clnk&gl=us&client=safari
Phillips, Leigh. 2010. Palm oil plantations are now 'forests,' says EU. EUObserver.com. http://euobserver.com/9/29410. "Continuously forested areas are defined as areas where trees have reached, or can reach, at least heights of five metres, making up a crown cover of more than 30 percent," reads the jargon-filled document. "They would normally include forest, forest plantations and other tree plantations such as palm oil. Short rotation coppice [the practice of repeatedly cutting young tree stems down] may qualify if it fulfils the height and canopy cover criteria."
SaveForest. n.d..Definitions. http://www.freewebs.com/irwantoforester/definition2.html Land on which trees form the dominant vegetation type….The Indonesian government uses a land use definition of forest in the various land use classes that comprise “Permanent Forest Status”. However, up to 20 percent of Permanent Forest Status land has been deforested….Permanent Forest Status - Land that is legally allocated as part of the national forest estate and falls under the control of the Ministry of Forestry. Source: Report on Biodiversity and Tropical Forests in Indonesia. Prepared by Steve Rhee, M.E.Sc. Darrell Kitchener, Ph.D. Tim Brown, Ph.D. Reed Merrill, M.Sc. Russ Dilts, Ph.D. Stacey Tighe, Ph.D.
Indonesia Definitions of ‘Secondary Forest’
Chokkalingam, Unna; Jong ,Wil De 2001. Secondary forest: a working definition and typology. International Forestry Review 3(1), 2001. http://www.cifor.cgiar.org/publications/pdf_files/secondaryforests.pdf and http://www.cifor.cgiar.org/publications/pdf_files/articles/AChokalingam0101.pdf The authors suggest the following definition: Secondary forests are forests regenerating largely through natural processes after significant human and/or natural disturbance of the original forest vegetation at a single point in time or over an extended period, and displaying a major difference in forest structure and/or canopy species composition with respect to nearby primary forests on similar sites.
Lund, H. Gyde. 2010 revised. Definitions of old growth, pristine, climax, ancient forests, degradation, desertification, forest fragmentation, and similar terms. [Online publication], Gainesville, VA: Forest Information Services. Misc. pagination. http://home.comcast.net/~gyde/pristine.htm. Areas of mature natural forests extending over abandoned wild shifting cultivation zones (Landang liar) and ever lands formerly occupied by primary forests seriously damaged by fires. Source: D.C. Schwaar, Land capability appraisal Indonesia, AGL/INS/72/011 Working Paper No.5, FAO 1973 http://www.fao.org/ag/agl/agll/landuse/clsys/Indonesia.htm.
Secondary forest (or second-growth forest) is a forest or woodland area which has re-grown after a major disturbance such as fire, insect infestation, timber harvest or windthrow, until a long enough period has passed so that the effects of the disturbance are no longer evident. It is distinguished from an old-growth forest (old growth or primeval forest), which have not undergone such disruptions, as well as third-growth forests that result from severe disruptions in second growth forests. http://indonesiaforest.co.cc/secondary_forest.html
SOME PUBLICATIONS/URLS OF INTEREST
Linnell, J.D.C., et al. 2010. Confronting the costs and conflicts associated with biodiversity. Anim. Conserv. 13(5):429-431. http://web.uvic.ca/~rondeau/linnellANCONS10.pdf
Lobo, J.M.; Tognelli, M.F. 2011. Exploring the effects of quantity and location of pseudo-absences and sampling biases on the performance of distribution models with limited point occurrence data. J. Nature Conserv. 19(1):1-7. Abstract. http://www.citeulike.org/user/iwagner/article/8015483
Low Fertilizer Use Drives Deforestation in Region. All Africa.com. 11 April 2011. http://allafrica.com/stories/201104111848.html
Magarey, R.D.; et al. 2011. Risk maps for targeting exotic plant pest detection programs in the United States. OEPP/EPPO Bulletin. 41:46-56. http://www.forestthreats.org/publications/rtp/Risk_maps_for_targeting_exotic_plant_pest.pdf/view
Mastura, S.A., et al. 2004. Initial Synthesis of Land-Use and Land-Cover Change Research in Asia and the Pacific. Asia Pacific Network (APN) Secretariat. Kobe Japan. http://www.goes.msu.edu/publications/pdfs_ps/CGCEO%2093.pdf
Matricardi, E.A.T., et al. 2001. Multi-Temporal Detection and Measurement of Selective Logging in the Brazilian Amazon Using Remote Sensing. CGCEO/RA03-01/w. Michigan State University, East Lansing, Michigan. http://www.goes.msu.edu/publications/pdfs_ra/RA03-01.pdf
Melkania, Uma; Bisht, N.S. 2000. Identifying indicators for successful implementation of joint forest management in Arunachal Pradesh. The Indian Forester, 126(5): 537-544.
Mendoza-Fernández, A., et al. 2010. Gap Analysis and selection of reserves for the threatened flora of eastern Andalusia, a hot spot in the eastern Mediterranean region. Acta Bot. Gallica 157(4):749-767.
Monavari, S.M.; Fard, S.M.B. 2010. A GIS based assessment tool for biodiversity conservation. Int. J. Environ. Res. 4(4):701-712.
Nayar, Anjali. 2010. World gets 2020 vision for conservation. Nature News. http://www.nature.com/news/2010/101102/full/468014a.html
Nichols, P.W.B., et al. 2010. Testing a facilitation model for ecosystem restoration: does tree planting restore ground layer species in a grassy woodland? Austral Ecol. 35(8):888-897. Abstract. http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1111/j.1442-9993.2009.02095.x/abstract
KEEPING UP-TO-DATE – PRODUCTS, NEWSLETTERS, EMAIL LISTS, JOURNALS. See also http://botany.si.edu/pubs/bcn/links.cfm, http://scholar.google.com/, and Directory of open access journals. http://www.doaj.org/doaj?func=findJournals.
GLCN bulletin – The Global Land Cover Network (GLCN) newsletter No. 18, January-February 2011, is now available at http://www.glcn.org/pub_2_en.jsp. It reports the latest range of activities of GLCN around the world, with the first insight on the new programme ECO-NET (Earth Cover Observation Network).
INFOSYLVA – You may access the latest issue of FAO’s INFOSYLVA as well as back issues at http://www.fao.org/forestry/infosylva/68708/en/
Journal of Urban Forestry and Urban Greening. Free access to the first issue of volume 10 for the next 12 months. See http://www.unri.org/wsb4713307301/wp-content/uploads/2011/06/ufug.HTML. From Cecil Konijnendijk, IUFRO Urban Forestry Update.
WORKING SMARTER - WORKSHOPS, MEETINGS, EVENTS, ETC. – See also: http://www.gfis.net/, http://www.iufro.org/events/calendar/ and http://www.iufro.org/info/discover/noticeboard/.
20-24 June 2011. Regional workshop on sampling for agricultural censuses and surveys. Montevideo, Uruguay. http://www.fao.org/index.php?id=24413
20-24 June 2011. Regional workshop on sampling for the World Programme for the Census of Agriculture. Bamako, Mali. http://www.fao.org/index.php?id=24147
4-8 July 2011. Payments for Ecosystem Services (PES) - What role for a green economy? An event of the UNECE Forest and Water Week. Geneva, Switzerland. http://timber.unece.org/index.php?id=329. From Nelson Wong, IFL.
11-13 October 2011. Asian Wetland Symposium on Human Well-being and Wetlands, (AWS Wuxi 2001). Xizhou Grand Hotel, Wuxi, China. Details at http://aws-wuxi-2011.a.la9.jp/0.top.html/. From Bishnu Poudel, Wetlands Friends List.
9-10 February 2012. Conférence francophone IDRISI - Polytechnique Fédérale de Lausanne (EPFL), Suisse. Organisée par le centre de ressources IDRISI Suisse anciennement Centre Régional IDRISI Francophone (CRIF). http://lasigpc8.epfl.ch/idrisi/ . From Claude Collet, Applied GIS RS List.
MOVING AHEAD – OPPORTUNITIES – See also: Scholarships-Positions - http://scholarship-positions.com/, Forestry, Arboriculture, Agriculture, Agronomy & Natural Resource Management Jobs at http://www.earthworks-jobs.com/forest.htm, Riley Guide to Agriculture, Forestry, & Farming Jobs http://www.rileyguide.com/agric.html, Finding Your Dream Job in Natural Resources http://www.cyber-sierra.com/nrjobs/, Naturesjobs.com http://www.nature.com/naturejobs/index.html, The Job Seekers Guide for International and Environmental Careers http://ejobs.home.att.net/ and Scholarship Listing http://www.scholarshiplisting.com/.
ECE/FAO PhD Forestry Thesis Award: - In order to promote scientific research on sustainable forest management, the ECE/FAO Forestry and Timber section has launched a PhD Thesis Award. The prize of 10,000 USD dollars will be awarded to the best PhD thesis providing new data and insights into forest management, and how to balance forest conservation, forest productivity and social well-being. To learn more about the award and how to participate, please see the following press release available from http://www.unece.org/press/pr2011/11tim_p03e.htm. Guidelines on how to apply are available at, http://timber.unece.org/index.php?id=335. Applications close on 15 June 201. From Nelson Wong, IFL List.
Forest and Nature for Society (FONASO) PhD - FONASO PhD applications 2011. The FONASO 2011 Call for Application for Category A and B fellowships is now open. The application deadline is 1 November 2011. For more information see http://www.fonaso.eu/. From Rajesh Malla, Nepalese Foresters List.
Ph.D. position: Dynamic mapping of carbon content in Québec's boreal forest - Domain of study: Forest management - Strategic planning. Description of research: We are looking for a Ph.D. candidate to develop a map of forest carbon for the boreal forest of the Province of Québec (Canada) using sequences of satellite imagery and statistical and process-based modeling tools. This project fits within a larger effort to impute the carbon cost of forest management to the solid wood products that are extracted from a management unit, and uses information from a parallel project on the change in forest carbon content over a forest management unit during the past few years. Profile of potential candidates: - Education in forest sciences, biology, or other quantitative disciplines, - Preference will be given to candidates demonstrating a strong potential in the use and analysis of quantitative data. The successful applicant will join a research program that offers many opportunities for interaction (http://www.cef-cfr.ca/, http://canadaforests.nrcan.gc.ca/?lang=en , http://www.crb.ulaval.ca/index.php ). The PhD position includes a full 3-yr scholarship and is expected to start in September 2011. Study program : Doctorat en Sciences Forestières, Département des sciences du bois et de la forêt, Université Laval (http://www.ulaval.ca/), Québec. Note that although the language of instruction at Université Laval is French, one's thesis may be written in English. Interested candidates can send a CV, transcript of academics records and an introduction letter to: Frédéric Raulier : frederic.raulier@sbf.ulaval.ca. From Frédéric Raulier, Forest List.
 Pay It Forward – Cheers, Gyde
--  H. Gyde Lund   Forest Information Services 6238 Settlers Trail Place Gainesville, VA 20155-1374 USA Tel: +1-703-743-1755 Email: gyde<at>comcast.net   URL: http://www.forestinfoservices.com/ CV: http://home.comcast.net/~gyde/cv.html.  Publications: http://home.comcast.net/~gyde/lundpub.htm.  Skype: forestgyde  

[ECSNet] UK Government to support developing countries in reducing their carbon emissions

UK Government to support developing countries in reducing their carbon
emissions (joint DECC/DfID press notice)
Press Notice: 2011/036
11 April 2011
Today the UK Government gave its backing to a global scheme which will
help developing countries cut their carbon emissions.

The UK Government will support the World Bank's Partnership for Market
Readiness to help developing countries set up their own carbon trading
systems to cut emissions. This will allow more investment in green
technologies across the world and help stimulate private sector low
carbon investment opportunities.
The UK's support joins financial contributions from the European
Commission, Germany, Norway, Australia and the United States, and will
help up to 15 developing countries to set up market-based policies
including better international crediting systems and domestic trading
schemes.

http://www.decc.gov.uk/en/content/cms/news/pn_036/pn_036.aspx

Sunday, 15 May 2011

Green Economy: Why a Green Economy Matters for the Least Developed Countries?

Green Economy: Why a Green Economy Matters for the Least Developed
Countries?
http://www.unctad.org/en/docs/unep_unctad_un-ohrlls_en.pdf

Ignoring corruption in climate adaptation could cost lives – report

Ignoring corruption in climate adaptation could cost lives – report
LONDON (AlertNet) - Adapting to the impacts of climate change will
bring heightened corruption risks as increasing amounts of money flow
into infrastructure projects, aid for weather-related disasters and
help for people leaving inhospitable environments, says a new report
from Transparency International (TI).
None of the 20 countries judged to be most vulnerable to climate
change - mainly in Africa and South Asia - scores higher than 3.6 on
TI's annual corruption perceptions index, in which 0 is extremely
corrupt and 10 is very clean, according to the "Global Corruption
Report" from the Berlin-based anti-graft group.

http://www.trust.org/alertnet/news/ignoring-corruption-in-climate-adaptation-could-cost-lives-report

Forests and Climate Change in Africa

Protecting our forests
It is alarming. Ghana's forest cover is virtually gone. At
independence, this nation had 8.2 million hectares of tropical rain
forest. Now we may not have one million of this left. We have lost
more than 90 percent of our forest cover in half a century of self-
government.

As a people, we have contrived to deny ourselves the resources with
which to push our development agenda. Officially, about 200 timber
companies are under license to trade in trees. But, this figure pales
into insignificance, compared to the number of unlicensed agents
competing among themselves to deplete our forests.

http://news.myjoyonline.com/features/201105/65606.asp

Ignoring corruption in climate adaptation could cost lives – report
LONDON (AlertNet) - Adapting to the impacts of climate change will
bring heightened corruption risks as increasing amounts of money flow
into infrastructure projects, aid for weather-related disasters and
help for people leaving inhospitable environments, says a new report
from Transparency International (TI).
None of the 20 countries judged to be most vulnerable to climate
change - mainly in Africa and South Asia - scores higher than 3.6 on
TI's annual corruption perceptions index, in which 0 is extremely
corrupt and 10 is very clean, according to the "Global Corruption
Report" from the Berlin-based anti-graft group.

http://www.trust.org/alertnet/news/ignoring-corruption-in-climate-adaptation-could-cost-lives-report

New Study: Understanding Rainfall Vital to Ensuring Africa's Food
Security Against Climate Threat

Nearly 90 percent of African food is produced from rain-fed
agriculture, but the uncertainty of the weather makes this a risky
operation, limiting farmer's willingness to invest, says a new
research published in the journal Experimental Agriculture.
The research points out that the riskiness will probably increase with
climate change. Careful analysis of weather changes and related risks
can reveal viable options for farmers.
"Decades of poor investments in rain-fed agriculture, partly because
it is viewed as risky, leave millions of Africans vulnerable to the
vagaries of weather and climate change," said World Agroforestry
Centre (ICRAF) scientist Ric Coe, co-author and editor of a special
issue of Experimental Agriculture devoted to analysing tools
researchers and farmers can use to manage climate uncertainty in sub-
Saharan Africa.

http://www.africasciencenews.org/asns/index.php?option=com_content&task=view&id=2788&Itemid=2

2011-05-15 NRMI: This Issue: GPS and Digital Cameras and Some Other Good Things

2011-05-15 NRMI: NATURAL RESOURCE MONITORING ITEMS OF INTEREST
This Issue: GPS and Digital Cameras and Some Other Good Things
BUT FIRST, WON’T YOU PLEASE HELP? Hunger and the Environment – I am looking for material for a possible publication on Hunger and the Environment. I am especially interested in any papers tha involve the use of remote sensing showing the relation between the two. Thank you in advance for your kind assistance. Cheers. Gyde (gyde@comcast.net)
FEEDBACK – GPS and Digital Cameras – In April Aurelie Shapiro wrote, Can someone please recommend the best combination GPS and camera? I want to be able to send a GPS/Camera with my colleagues who travel to the field to take good pictures that can be geocoded, and also used for groundtruthing. I.e. Here is a deforestation event that can be tied to an image. Some high end GPS have poor cameras, are the cameras with GPS considered good enough for GIS groundtruthing? Can someone suggest a good combination of both that would be easy for the non-techny person to use? So I send it off with someone ready to go, and they can turn it on (with minimal input - no need to mess with projections and data types), take pictures, and then a GIS technician can capture all the data, map it, use it?” Here are some sites that may be of interest. If you have additional suggestions, please contact Aurelie at aurelie.shapiro@WWF.DE
A GPS for your digital camera - http://terrywhite.com/techblog/archives/274
Digital Camera With GPS - http://digitalcamerawithgps.com/
Introducing the Contour GPS Action Video Camera http://pointofviewcameras.com/blog/pov/article/contour-gps-action-camera
Savvides, Alexandra. 2010. Cameras with GPS tagging built-in. http://www.cnet.com.au/cameras-with-gps-tagging-built-in-339301229.htm
The Options for a GPS Digital Camera - http://www.squidoo.com/gps-digital-camera
Try a GPS Camera from GeoSpatial Experts http://www.geospatialexperts.com/gps%20camera.php
And from the Applied GIS RS List
Generally the Long / Lat coordinates will be stored in WGS84 in the relevant EXIF metadata fields of the photo. If your GIS can read the EXIF of a photo than it will be able to position it on a map. If it cannot read it directly you may have to export the EXIF info into a table that will be used by the GIS. I've been using a GPS camera (Panasonic DMC-TZ10) for 4 months and absolutely in love with it. Works fantastic in Picassa (free), iphoto and aperture. Great way to explore a field trip. Pierre Marchand
You can use any standard digital camera and associate the position that you are storing on the track of any GPS to each one of the photographs. This is possible using the free GeoSetter software [http://www.geosetter.de/en/]. Then you can also export your geotagged photos to Google Earth. The only condition is that you must have previously synchronized the time of the camera with that of the GPS. Sergio Cerdeira Estrada
Please check: http://www.afds.net/products-and-services/products/gps-enabled-camera/ricoh I saw a demonstration of both cameras during field work and both have impressed me a lot. Artur Gil
The Ricoh GPS enabled camera is great for mapping assets/wildlife etc . Its rugged and with compass option gives you the direction of the animal. If you want distance, you can use a laser range finder with blue tooth and transfer distance reading to the camera. The camera also let you enter feature / attribute data on the picture. Ashok Wadwani
SOME PUBLICATIONS/URLS OF INTEREST
Gregoire, Timothy G. et al. 2011. Model-assisted estimation of biomass in a LiDAR sample survey in Hedmark County, Norway. Can. J. For. Res. 41: 83–95. For an E-copy, contact timothy.gregoire@yale.edu From Tim Gregoire, Yale Univ.
Neondo, Henry. 2011. Understanding Rainfall Vital to Ensuring Africa’s Food Security Against Climate Threat. ANAS News. 5 May 2011. http://www.africasciencenews.org/asns/index.php?option=com_content&task=view&id=2788&Itemid=2. From ANFES List.
Obua, J., et al. 2010. Status of forests in Uganda. Afr. J. Ecol. 48(4):853-859. http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1111/j.1365-2028.2010.01217.x/full
Olander, Lydia P. et al. 2008. Reference scenarios for deforestation and forest degradation in support of REDD: a review of data and methods. Environ. Res. Lett. 3 (April-June 2008) 025011. doi:10.1088/1748-9326/3/2/025011. http://iopscience.iop.org/1748-9326/3/2/025011/fulltext
Ṏzyavuz, Murat. 2010. Analysis of changes in vegetation using multitemporal satellite imagery, the case of Tekirdag¢ coastal town. Journal of Coastal Research, 26(6), 1038–1046. West Palm Beach (Florida), ISSN 0749-0208. http://www.muratozyavuz.com/makale/s3.pdf
Peh, K.S.H., et al. Up in the clouds: is sustainable use of tropical montane cloud forests possible in Malaysia? BioScience 61(1):27-38. http://www.bioone.org/doi/abs/10.1525/bio.2011.61.1.8
Phelps, J., et al. 2011, Risky business: an uncertain future for biodiversity conservation finance through REDD+. Conservation Letters, 4: 88–94. Abstract. http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1111/j.1755-263X.2010.00155.x/abstract;jsessionid=9FC4A01A7E9B7BE06863A2A6DCA32ACE.d03t01
Plieninger, T.; Gaertner, M. 2011. Harnessing degraded lands for biodiversity conservation. J. Nature Conserv. 19(1):18-23.
Potapov, P., et al. 2008. Mapping the world’s intact forest landscapes by remote sensing. Ecology and Society 13(2): 51. [online] URL: http://www.ecologyandsociety.org/vol13/iss2/art51/
Protecting our forests – Editorial. http://news.myjoyonline.com/features/201105/65606.asp. From ANFES List.
PRP. 2009. An emergency package for tropical forests, The Prince’s Rainforests Project (PRP). http://princes.3cdn.net/f29d276ce664b2db67_y6m6vtxpe.pdf
Rowling, Megan. 2011. Ignoring corruption in climate adaptation could cost lives. Alertnet. 4 May 2011. Report. http://www.trust.org/alertnet/news/ignoring-corruption-in-climate-adaptation-could-cost-lives-report. From ANFES List.
Ståhl, Göran, et al. 2011. Model-based inference for biomass estimation in a LiDAR sample survey in Hedmark County, Norway. Can. J. For. Res. 41: 96–107. For an E-copy, contact Goran.Stahl@slu.se . Abstract. http://www.educationgis.com/2011/03/biomass-estimation-in-lidar-using-model.html. From Tim Gregoire, Yale Univ.
Vuidot, A., et al. 2011. Influence of tree characteristics and forest management on tree microhabitats. Biol. Conserv. 144(1):441-450.
Walford, Nigel. 2011. Practical Statistics for Geographers and Earth Scientists. ISBN: 978-0-470-84915-6. Wiley. Paperback. 440 p. $40 US. See http://www.wiley.com/WileyCDA/WileyTitle/productCd-0470849150.html From Nelson Wong, IFL
KEEPING UP-TO-DATE – PRODUCTS, NEWSLETTERS, EMAIL LISTS, JOURNALS. See also http://botany.si.edu/pubs/bcn/links.cfm, http://scholar.google.com/, and Directory of open access journals. http://www.doaj.org/doaj?func=findJournals.
People and Forest E-News – The May 2011 issue is now available at http://us1.campaign-archive1.com/?u=a79eee76ce1869204bc04a12d&id=94892dda80&e=73f2043cf8
WORKING SMARTER - WORKSHOPS, MEETINGS, EVENTS, ETC. – See also: http://www.gfis.net/, http://www.iufro.org/events/calendar/ and http://www.iufro.org/info/discover/noticeboard/.
4-15 July 2011. Ecological modeling using GRASS, R, BASH, AWK and more Open sources tools, in Linux environment. The training is organized by the University of Copenhagen, Faculty of Life Science - Forest and Landscape Inst. More info and application form: http://en.sl.life.ku.dk/upload/use_of_open_source_tools_for_spatial__ecological_modelling.doc and at http://www.spatial-ecology.net/doku.php. From Applied GIS RS List.
26-28 October 2011. Introduction to Wetland Remote Sensing & Mapping. Abdalla Hall - Lafayette, Louisiana, USA. This workshop is designed as an intensive introductory 3 day session of lectures, discussions, and hands-on exercises that emphasize the use of manual, cognitive interpretation, and analysis skills of aerial photography/imagery as applied to assessing and mapping wetland vegetation from species level to broad vegetative level classifications. This workshop will also provide necessary imagery analytical skills for assessing classification performance of computer generated classification routines and products. Included is a full day field trip to develop imagery recognition signatures and verify wetland interpretations made in the classroom. Course content has been designed for natural resource mapping specialist, field biologists, researchers, and others who deal with wetland wildlife habitat, environmental quality and impact assessment. Since interest in this workshop is likely to be high, an early application is suggested. Cost: $385. . Contact information: Email: ahartley@usgs.gov. Workshop web link: http://www.nwrc.usgs.gov/training/trainingschedule.htm.
31 October – 2 November 2011. Advanced Wetland Photo-Interpretation. Abdalla Hall - Lafayette, Louisiana, USA. This three day workshop will cover: The development of a methodology for mapping wetlands projects; an understanding of the NWI wetland and the National Wetlands Research Center Upland Classification System; Photo interpretation of color infrared aerial photographs/imagery; the use of soil surveys, topographic maps, historical wetland maps, and other ancillary information as aids in the Photo interpretation/Analytical process; techniques for ground truthing; and cartographic transformation options of photo interpreted habitats to a standard base map. This course will include classroom lectures, classroom exercises in photo interpretation of habitats with access to stereoscopic options, fieldwork, and a special final computer delineation exercise to display final interpretation/analysis results for final results and review. Several field (2) trips will be experienced to provide classification signature development and classification mapping confidence. An understanding of the identification of wetland habitats from aerial photographs (*as presented in the Introduction to Remote Sensing and Photo interpretation of Wetlands) is essential for this workshop. *Work related experiences can be substituted for the introductory workshop. Cost: $385. Contact information: Email: ahartley@usgs.gov. Workshop web link: http://www.nwrc.usgs.gov/training/trainingschedule.htm
7-10 November 2011. 7th International Forest Vegetation Management Conference. Valdivia, Chile. Call for papers still open. See: http://www.treesandstars.com/vmc7/
MOVING AHEAD – OPPORTUNITIES – See also: Scholarships-Positions - http://scholarship-positions.com/, Forestry, Arboriculture, Agriculture, Agronomy & Natural Resource Management Jobs at http://www.earthworks-jobs.com/forest.htm, Riley Guide to Agriculture, Forestry, & Farming Jobs http://www.rileyguide.com/agric.html, Finding Your Dream Job in Natural Resources http://www.cyber-sierra.com/nrjobs/, Naturesjobs.com http://www.nature.com/naturejobs/index.html, The Job Seekers Guide for International and Environmental Careers http://ejobs.home.att.net/ and Scholarship Listing http://www.scholarshiplisting.com/.
PhD position in land use modelling in Ireland - A four year PhD position in land use modelling is available at the University College Dublin - UCD Earth Sciences Institute. Project title: Land use modelling to optimize bioenergy supply chains in Ireland. (Ref. Strand 6, Project ECO 4). We are seeking a strong candidate with experience in GIS or programming. Ideally the candidate would have a background in geography, forestry, agricultural science, biology, sociology or related field, with an interest in the rural environment and the policy-science interface. Postgraduate Studentships are for a 4-year structured PhD; Annual stipend EUR 16,000 with an allowance for research travel and expenses; EU fees are funded for four years. Non-EU candidates will be liable for fees. Evidence of proficiency in English (where appropriate). More info at: http://www.ucd.ie/earth/graduatetraining/phdprogrammeinearthandnaturalsciences/ . Click on ‘Earth and Natural Science PhD projects’ on the left, go to bottom of page to “Economics & Policy Analysis” open link (ENS PhD Programme Strand 6 Projects) to pdf document. The cut-off date for applications is 3 June 2011, however the position will remain open until a successful candidate is appointed. Informal enquiries by email may be sent to Prof Maarten Nieuwenhuis (maarten.nieuwenhuis@ucd.ie). From Charles Harper, Ireland.
 Pay It Forward – Cheers, Gyde
--  H. Gyde Lund   Forest Information Services 6238 Settlers Trail Place Gainesville, VA 20155-1374 USA Tel: +1-703-743-1755 Email: gyde<at>comcast.net   URL: http://www.forestinfoservices.com/ CV: http://home.comcast.net/~gyde/cv.html.  Publications: http://home.comcast.net/~gyde/lundpub.htm.  Skype: forestgyde  

UK Government to support developing countries in reducing their carbon emissions

UK Government to support developing countries in reducing their carbon
emissions (joint DECC/DfID press notice)
Press Notice: 2011/036
11 April 2011
Today the UK Government gave its backing to a global scheme which will
help developing countries cut their carbon emissions.

The UK Government will support the World Bank's Partnership for Market
Readiness to help developing countries set up their own carbon trading
systems to cut emissions. This will allow more investment in green
technologies across the world and help stimulate private sector low
carbon investment opportunities.
The UK's support joins financial contributions from the European
Commission, Germany, Norway, Australia and the United States, and will
help up to 15 developing countries to set up market-based policies
including better international crediting systems and domestic trading
schemes.

http://www.decc.gov.uk/en/content/cms/news/pn_036/pn_036.aspx

Tuesday, 10 May 2011

2011-05-08 NRMI: This Issue: Biomass Estimates (Part 2 of 2) and Some Other Good Things

2011-05-08 NRMI: NATURAL RESOURCE MONITORING ITEMS OF INTEREST
This Issue: Biomass Estimates (Part 2 of 2) and Some Other Good Things
BUT FIRST, WON’T YOU PLEASE HELP?
Comments Sought on Proposed USDA Forest Service Planning Rule - The Proposed Planning Rule can be found at: www.fs.usda.gov/planningrule. The proposed planning rule was published in the February 14, 2011, Federal Register, kicking off a 90 day public comment period ending on May 16, 2011. To be considered, written comments need to be submitted electronically at http://www.govcomments.com/ or http://www.regulations.gov/, or sent in hard copy to Forest Service Planning DEIS, C/O Bear West Company, 132 E 500 S, Bountiful, UT 84010 USA, or sent via FAX to 801-397-1605. Please identify your written comments by including "planning rule" on the cover sheet or the first page. Comments are available for public inspection at http://contentanalysisgroup.com/fsrd/.From Fred Kaiser, USDA Forest Service Retired.
Use of Remote Sensing to Assist Farmers in ACP Countries. Clare Pedrick writes, ”I am the English Editor of Spore, the magazine on rural development in African Caribbean and Pacific (ACP) countries (you can read it on: http://spore.cta.in/ and am planning to run a feature on remote sensing in an upcoming issue. I'm looking for good examples of remote sensing being used to help farmers and rural communities in developing countries. As well as the bigger schemes, e.g. satellite monitoring for crop forecasting, I'm particularly interested in finding out about smaller initiatives that can actually help people in the field. I'd be very grateful for any suggestions. Also, anyone good to interview to talk about the advantages and pitfalls.” If you can help, please contact Clare at clarepedrick@gmail.com.
FEEDBACK – Biomass Estimates (Part 2 of 2) – Last March Arun Dhakal wrote, “I am looking for some alometric equations to estimate the biomass (leaf, stem, branch, bark and root) of the following species in Nepalese context: 1. Eucalyptus camaldulensis (Masala), 2. Melia azedarach (Bakaino), 3. Anthocephallus chinensis (Kadam).” Here are some sites that may be of interest. If you know of others, please contact Arun at arun_dhakal2004@yahoo.com.
Gautam, B. R.; et al. (2010). Integration of airborne LiDAR, satellite imagery, and field measurements using a two-phase sampling method for forest biomass estimation in tropical forests. Paper presented at International Symposium on “Benefiting from Earth Observation”, 4 - 6 October 2010, Kathmandu, Nepal. 7 p. http://www.forestrynepal.org/images/publications/Integration%20of%20airborne%20LiDAR,%20satellite%20imagery,%20and%20field%20measurements%20using%20a%20two-phase%20sampling%20method%20for%20forest%20biom.pdf and PPT (17 slides) at http://geoportal.icimod.org/symposium2010/PPT/Theme-V/Basanta_Finland.pdf
Lakmali et al. 2010. | Estimation of biomass carbon of Eucalyptus grandis using IRS LISS III Satellite images in up country wet zone of Sri Lanka. http://environmentlanka.com/blog/2010/estimation-of-biomass-carbon-of-eucalyptus-grandis-using-irs-liss-iii-satellite-images-in-up-country-wet-zone-of-sri-lanka/
Levillain. Joseph et al. 2003+ Estimations of fine root biomass in eucalyptus plantations. A comparison of 4 sampling methods. WP6.A2/ http://www.carboafrica.net/downs/ws/accra/6-Posters/Estimations_fine_root_biomass.pdf
Lövenstein, Harrie M.; Berliner, Pedro R. 1993. Biometric relationships for non-destructive above ground biomass estimations in young plantations of Acacia salicina Lindl. and Eucalyptus occidentalis Endl. New Forests 7(3): 255-273, Abstract. http://www.springerlink.com/content/k133q346u44u2w06/
Mekonnen, Kindu 2001. Practices, constraints and agroforestry interventions in Yeku watershed northeastern Ethiopia. EJNR 3 (1):161-178. http://www.worldagroforestry.org/eca/downloads/CD_ETH_Bibliography-Ethiopia1.doc
Nock, Charles A. et al. 2009. Wood density and its radial variation in six canopy tree species differing in shade-tolerance in western Thailand. Annals of Botany. Abstract. http://aob.oxfordjournals.org/content/104/2/297.full
Published Eucalyptus Biomass Equations in India at a Glance. http://mirror.iasri.res.in/net/tgm/Biomass-models.htm
Razakamanarivo RH, et al., in press. Below-ground biomass production and allometric relationships of eucalyptus coppice plantation in the central highlands of Madagascar. Biomass and Bioenergy (2011), doi:10.1016/ j.biombioe.2011.01.020. http://ghislain.vieilledent.free.fr/Wordpress/wp-content/Razakamanarivo2011-Biomass-and-Bioenergy.pdf
Reyes, Gisel, et al. 1992. Wood Densities of Tropical Tree Species. http://www.scribd.com/doc/25069865/Wood-Densities-of-Tropical-Tree-Species
Sachs, Roy M. et al. 1988. Maximum biomass yields on prime agricultural land. California Agriculture, November-December 1988. http://ucce.ucdavis.edu/files/repositoryfiles/ca4206p23-68816.pdf
Sharma, Sundar P. 2007. Agroforestry practices in Nepal. . Presentation made in the modular seminar on Agro and Farm Forestry System, Freiburg University, Germany , 25 January 2007 http://www.waldbau.uni-freiburg.de/Download/pdf/MCS_AgroFor_stud_pres_Agrofor_Nepal.pdf
Soares, Paula; Tomé, Margarida. 2004. Analysis of the effectiveness of biomass expansion factors to estimate stand biomass. Proceedings of the International Conference on Modeling Forest Production, 19 – 22 April, Austria http://www.isa.utl.pt/cef/globland/projecto2_portugues/Relatorio_Progresso_2004/ANEXO%2011_proceedingsICMFP.pdf.
Sunthornhao, Pasuta; Hoamuangkaew, Wuthipol. 2010. Marketing Potential of Mai Taku (Anthocephalus chinensis) and Investment Feasibility of Forest Plantations. Kasetsart J. (Soc. Sci) 31 : 445 – 457. http://kasetsartjournal.ku.ac.th/kuj_files/2011/A1101131114243960.pdf
Thanyapraneedkul, Juthasinee et al. 2008+ Parameterization of 3PGS model for aboveground biomass estimation in Eucalyptus camadulensis and Acacia mangium plantation. http://www.rcwob.doshisha.ac.jp/review/10_1/10_1_144.pdf
Thapa, H. B. 2000. Biomass estimation of some fast growing trees in the eastern Terai, Nepal. Banko Janakari 10(2): 15-20. Abstract. http://www.cabdirect.org/abstracts/20023180431.html
Thapa, H.B.; Subedi, N. 2001. Growth and fuelwood production of Cassia siamea and Eucalyptus camaldulensis under short rotation in the eastern Terai of Nepal. Banko Janakari 11(2): 34-41 http://www.forestrynepal.org/biblio/2228
Volume equations of common trees (Nepal) http://www.forestrynepal.org/wiki/103
Wahyuningrum, Nining, 2006. Foliage biomass estimation in tropical logged over forest East Kalimantan, Indonesia. Thesis. www.itc.nl/library/papers_2006/msc/nrm/wahyuningrum.pdf
SOME PUBLICATIONS/URLS OF INTEREST
‘Eco-friendly' biofuels may do more harm than good. MailOnLine13 April 2011. http://www.dailymail.co.uk/sciencetech/article-1376326/Eco-friendly-biofuels-harm-good.html?ito=feeds-newsxml
Admin. 2011.The lies that mask Sarawak deforestation. Aliran. 12 April 2011. http://aliran.com/5193.html
Ayala, Maria Luz. 2011. Colombian community prepares to sell forest carbon credits, Alertnet. 4 April 2011. http://www.trust.org/alertnet/news/colombian-community-prepares-to-sell-forest-carbon-credits
Carrington, Damian. 2011. Europe's last bison pose a question: what is truly natural? Guardian.co.uk. 6 April 2011. http://www.guardian.co.uk/environment/damian-carrington-blog/2011/apr/06/forest-bison-bialowieza
DeFries, R., et al. 2007. Reducing greenhouse gas emissions from deforestation in developing countries: considerations for monitoring and measuring Environmental Science and Policy, 10, pp. 385-394. http://nofc.cfs.nrcan.gc.ca/gofc-gold/Report%20Series/GOLD_26.pdf
Faleiros, Gustavo. 2011. Looking Down on Deforestation: Brazil Sharpens Its Eyes in the Sky to Snag Illegal Rainforest Loggers. Scientific American 12 April 2011. http://www.scientificamerican.com/article.cfm?id=brazil-satellites-catch-illegal-rainforest-loggers
FAO. 2006. Global Forest Resources Assessment 2005 – Progress towards sustainable forest management. FAO Forestry Paper 147. www.fao.org/forestry/fra2005
FAO. 2007. Organic carbon pool (kg/m2/m) – SUBSOIL. Available online from the FAO GeoNetwork: http://www.fao.org/geonetwork/srv/en/main.home.
GOFC-GOLD. 2008. Reducing greenhouse gas emissions from deforestation and degradation in developing countries: a sourcebook of methods and procedures for monitoring, measuring and reporting. GOFC-GOLD Report version COP13-2, (GOFC-GOLD Project Office, Natural Resources Canada, Alberta, Canada) http://www.gofc-gold.uni-jena.de/redd/sourcebook/Sourcebook_Version_July_2009_cop14-2.pdf
Grassi G, et al. 2008. From uncertain data to credible numbers: applying the conservativeness principle to REDD. Environ. Res. Lett., 3, doi:10.1088/1748-9326/3/3/035005, 12 p. http://iopscience.iop.org/1748-9326/3/3/035005/fulltext
Greenpeace, 2005. The world map of intact forest landscapes. Available online from the Greenpeace Intact Forest website: http://www.intactforests.org/.
Griffiths, G.H., et al. 2011. A landscape scale spatial model for semi-natural broadleaf woodland expansion in Wales, UK. J. Nature Conserv. 19(1):43-53
Hansen, M., et al. 2007. Vegetation Continuous Fields MOD44B, 2001 Percent Tree Cover, Collection 4, University of Maryland, College Park, Maryland. http://www.landcover.org/data/vcf/
Hansen, M.C., et al. 2008. Humid tropical forest clearing from 2000 to 2005 quantified using multi-temporal and multi-resolution remotely sensed data. PNAS, 105(27), 9439-9444. http://www.pnas.org/content/105/27/9439.full
Heink, U., and Kowarik, I. 2010. What criteria should be used to select biodiversity indicators? Biodivers. Conserv. 19(13):3769-3797
Hickman, Martin. 2011. Britain's taste for cheap food that's killing Brazil's 'other wilderness'. The Independent.11 April 2011. http://www.independent.co.uk/environment/nature/britains-taste-for-cheap-food-thats-killing-brazils-other-wilderness-2266062.html
Hirsch, P. D., Adams, W. M., Brosius, J. P., Zia, A., Bariola, N. and Dammert, J. L. (2011), Acknowledging Conservation Trade-Offs and Embracing Complexity. Conservation Biology, 25: 259–264. Abstract. http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1111/j.1523-1739.2010.01608.x/abstract
Sharma, Benktesh D. et al. 2011. Modeling of Sustainable Biomass Utilization and Carbon Emission Reduction. Sensor Letters 9(3): 1175-1179. http://www.ingentaconnect.com/content/asp/senlet/2011/00000009/00000003/art00036 From Benktesh Sharma
WebGL Globe - The WebGL Globe is an open platform for geographic data visualization. See: http://www.chromeexperiments.com/globe. From Artur Gil, Applied GIS RS List.
KEEPING UP-TO-DATE – PRODUCTS, NEWSLETTERS, EMAIL LISTS, JOURNALS. See also http://botany.si.edu/pubs/bcn/links.cfm, http://scholar.google.com/, and Directory of open access journals. http://www.doaj.org/doaj?func=findJournals.
BCN - Biological Conservation Newsletter (BCN) May 2011 - Issue No. 317 is now available at http://botany.si.edu/pubs/bcn/issue/latest.htm
IUFRO News, Volume 40, Issue 4, 2011 of the International Union of Forest Research Organizations (IUFRO) is available as follows:Download PDF from http://www.iufro.org/publications/news/electronic-news/ Imprint: http://www.iufro.org/legal/#c10402
SDI Regional Newsletters – The Spatial Digital Infrastructure (SDI) newsletters for May 2011 are now posted on the GSDI home page at http://www.gsdi.org/. You may also download them directly as follows:
SDI-Latin America and Caribbean Newsletter - http://portal.gsdi.org/files/?artifact_id=834 (Spanish); http://portal.gsdi.org/files/?artifact_id=833. (English)
SDI-Asia Pacific Newsletter - http://portal.gsdi.org/files/?artifact_id=835. (English). Chinese translations of the newsletter are posted as they arrive and may be downloaded at http://www.gsdi.org/newsletters.php
 Past and current SDI Regional newsletters are also accessible in the archives at http://www.gsdi.org/newsletters.php Also posted here are the SALB Newsletter and EIS-Africa Newsletter and FGDC Newsletter.
How to build your own digital library in minutes – From Nelson Wong, IFL. If you've a large collection of e-books & other reading materials in PDF format, you can turn your laptop/notebook or PC into a digital library without having to buy another device e.g. iPad, etc.... Just go to Adobe & install this software - Adobe Digital Editions. For a single user, you don't even need to create an Adobe account. http://www.adobe.com/products/digitaleditions/ . The best part of this software is that you can create different libraries for different kind of e-books, e.g. one for computer books, another one for automobile engineering & another one for healthcare, etc...The other thing is that you can bookmark your e-books where you last stopped. After installing the software, spend a couple of minutes working with it & you'll see how easily you can now read & manage your e-books without an Acrobat Reader.
 WORKING SMARTER - WORKSHOPS, MEETINGS, EVENTS, ETC. – See also: http://www.gfis.net/, http://www.iufro.org/events/calendar/ and http://www.iufro.org/info/discover/noticeboard/.
MOVING AHEAD – OPPORTUNITIES – See also: Scholarships-Positions - http://scholarship-positions.com/, Forestry, Arboriculture, Agriculture, Agronomy & Natural Resource Management Jobs at http://www.earthworks-jobs.com/forest.htm, Riley Guide to Agriculture, Forestry, & Farming Jobs http://www.rileyguide.com/agric.html, Finding Your Dream Job in Natural Resources http://www.cyber-sierra.com/nrjobs/, Naturesjobs.com http://www.nature.com/naturejobs/index.html, The Job Seekers Guide for International and Environmental Careers http://ejobs.home.att.net/ and Scholarship Listing http://www.scholarshiplisting.com/.
 Pay It Forward – Cheers, Gyde
--  H. Gyde Lund   Forest Information Services 6238 Settlers Trail Place Gainesville, VA 20155-1374 USA Tel: +1-703-743-1755 Email: gyde<at>comcast.net   URL: http://www.forestinfoservices.com CV: http://home.comcast.net/~gyde/cv.html.  Publications: http://home.comcast.net/~gyde/lundpub.htm.  Skype: forestgyde  

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