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Saturday, 30 April 2011

[RAPDE] Inscription gratuite à la base de données d'expertise africaine.


Bonjour à tous,


Nous avons le plaisir de demander aux intéressés de remplir en annexe le formulaire d’inscription gratuite à la base de données d’expertise africaine en droit de l’environnement, environnement, aménagement et gestion des ressources naturelles.


Être inscrit sur la base de données vous permettra d’établir des liens de collaboration avec nous et autres ONG internationales, d’être contacté par les organisations internationales qui pourraient être intéressées à votre expertise et de vous faire connaitre internationalement.


Merci de saisir cette opportunité et de nous envoyer le formulaire rempli le plus rapidement possible (c.à.d. avant le 30 mai 2011)


Meilleures salutations


Friday, 29 April 2011

[RAPDE] ACTES DE L'ATELIER REGIONAL : Plantes médicinales et médecines traditionnelles en Afrique


ACTES DE L'ATELIER REGIONAL :



Plantes médicinales et médecines traditionnelles en Afrique :



Télécharger ici.



http://idl-bnc.idrc.ca/dspace/bitstream/10625/25339/1/112957.pdf




=--=-=


Miss Elena Williams


Conserve Africa Foundation


1st Floor, 36 The Market Square


London N9 0TZ


Tel: +442088879414


Web: http://www.conserveafrica.org.uk/






Congo Basin NGO Declaration on Forests and Climate Change

We, civil society delegates from the Congo Basin attending the meetings on climate change in Accra;* Concerned that the most devastating impacts of global warming will be borne by the least developed countries and will above all affect the most vulnerable communities in these countries; Conscious of the importance of the carbon stock sequestered by the forests of the Congo Basin and of the urgent necessity to protect these forests in order to preserve the climate equilibrium of the planet; Concerned about the degree of poverty among local communities and indigenous peoples living in these forests; Make the following declaration:


New financial mechanisms that take into account the role of carbon in sustainable forest management (CDM, REDD….) represent an unquestionable opportunity to save the forests of the Congo Basin, and their rich biodiversity, and to ensure that these forests continue to provide environmental services to the populations of the Congo Basin countries and the entire planet. The international community’s increased attention to forests may help to finally put an end to the processes and practices that are currently destroying these unique forest ecosystems, and contribute to the economic development of the local populations and indigenous peoples that live in and depend on them.


The forest concession model that has prevailed in the Congo Basin to date has failed to promote ecological or social sustainability. Given the risk of losing all credibility if they reward those actors who are the central drivers of deforestation, the international community should exclude logging companies and agribusiness from the financial benefits of avoided deforestation. The Parties to the climate change convention are encouraged to adopt firm commitments to avoid leakage or displacement of greenhouse gas emissions within or between countries.


Since the beginning of the colonial era, local and indigenous communities have been marginalized in the management of forest lands and resources. REDD constitutes a new threat to these communities, who run the risk of being dispossessed of their ancestral lands because of carbon speculation linked to current exclusionary forest conservation policies.


Any process that takes account of carbon in forest management must necessarily recognize and secure the rights of indigenous and local communities to their lands and resources, and guarantee their full participation in the implementation of any financial mechanism. This is necessary to ensure that it respects their interests, is compatible with their culture, and recognizes their role as the primary protectors of the forest.


The protection of intact natural forests should be given priority and merits greater effort from the international community than do regions where forests are already degraded. Intact forests deserve priority attention not only because of the carbon they contain, but also because of the other functions they provide, which are vital for the local populations and for the planet as a whole.


Payments for the contribution of forests to global climate regulation must not constitute a way for industrialized countries to avoid drastically reducing their own greenhouse gas emissions. Furthermore, financing for forest protection should not be delivered through debt transfer mechanisms, and must guarantee improved forest governance.


We reaffirm our confidence in our own governments, and encourage them to take our concerns into account in order to ensure that REDD efforts constitute models of environmental and social justice which benefit local and indigenous communities in our countries. In this spirit, we encourage our governments to immediately implement the United Nations Declaration on the Rights of Indigenous Peoples.


Issued in Accra, August 22 2008


* RDC : Conseil Régional des ONGD de la Province de Bandundu (CRONGD


BANDUNDU) ; Dignité Pygmée (DIPY) ; Groupe d’Action pour Sauver l’Homme et son Environnement (GASHE) ; Maniema Liberté (MALI) ; Organisation Concertée des Ecologiste et Amis de la Nature (OCEAN) ; Protection des écorégions de Miombo au Congo (PREMI CONGO) ; Réseau pour la Conservation et la Réhabilitation des Ecosystèmes Forestiers (Réseau CREF) ; Réseau Ressources Naturelles (RRN). République du Congo : Observatoire congolais des droits de l’Homme (OCDH). République Centre Africaine : Maison de l'Enfant et de la Femme Pygmées (MEFP). Cameroun : Forêts et Développement Rural (FODER), Centre pour l’environnement et le développement (CED).

Tuesday, 26 April 2011

Demande contribution pour une publication: Droit de l'environnement en Afrique : États des lieux, contraintes et opportunités.

Bonjour,

Nous avons le plaisir de  solliciter des contributions pour produire un article  intitulé : Droit de l'environnement en Afrique : États des lieux, contraintes et opportunités.

Nous allons payer 65.000 FCA pour chaque contribution retenue. D'autres experts internationaux bénévoles contribueront aussi à l'article.  Votre article doit porter des références appropriées pour les  citations ou l'information tirées des sources extérieures. Les références (ou bibliographie) doivent être mentionnées en se basant sur la méthodologie agrée internationalement.

Les contributions doivent nous parvenir  avant le 20 mai 2011. Les contributions peuvent varier de 5  à 10 pages. Le montant vous sera envoyé par Western Union.

Si vous  êtes intéressé à  participer, prière de me contacter à  l'adresse ci-dessous  avec votre curriculum vitae. Vous commencerez à travailler sur l'article  après avoir reçu notre confirmation que vous avez été retenu.  En plus des 65.000 CFA, en tant que  expert contributeur, votre nom  figurera à l'article final  combiné de tous les  contributeurs. Cet article sera publié dans les journaux et sites Internet internationaux pour vous aider à vous faire connaître à l'échelle internationale.

Parmi les sujets que votre contribution pourra aborder, nous pouvons citer :

Expérience de votre pays ou d'autres pays d'Afrique francophone:

·   Expériences et problèmes d'intégration du droit environnemental, des droits de l'homme et la justice environnementale dans les politiques, la planification  et la mise en ouvre du développement durable.

·    La mise en œuvre nationale du droit international de l'environnement/les accords environnementaux multilatéraux.
·    Le niveau d'implication des populations dans l'élaboration des textes juridiques et la prise en compte des préoccupations des populations

·    Les liens entre la justice environnementale et le patrimoine environnemental,  les mines, le changement climatique et la désertification, le droit à l'eau, la biodiversité, les droits des autochtones sur les ressources naturelles, le rôle et  l'impact des sociétés multinationales.

·    L'examen des défis et contraintes auxquels sont  confrontés les acteurs non étatiques (société civile),  et le rôle des juristes dans l'accès a la justice environnementale.

·    Les  conditions et les bases juridiques  actuelles du droit de l'environnement  centrées sur  le droit international de l'environnement,  le droit communautaire de l'environnement, le  droit national de l'environnement y compris les discussions et l'évaluation des lois éparses au Code de l'Environnement et présentation des différents chapitres du code de l'environnement et utilisation.

Contexte de l'élaboration du droit de l'environnement en Afrique francophone :

·    Les raisons qui ont poussé nos États à se lancer dans un processus d'élaboration des textes juridiques visant la protection de l'environnement ;
·    Évolution de la législation en matière d'environnement dans  votre pays ou d'autres pays.

Adéquation du cadre juridique de la protection de l'environnement par rapport aux réalités socio-économiques :

·    Adaptation des textes juridiques avec les réalités socio-économiques et culturelles de votre pays
·     Niveau d'implication des populations dans l'élaboration des textes juridiques ;
·     Prise en compte des préoccupations des populations.

Problèmes liés à la mise en œuvre du droit de l'environnement en Afrique Francophone :

Évaluation des textes juridiques dans nos pays;
·    L'effectivité de l'application des textes;
·    Application du droit de l'environnement avec le cadre institutionnel et les mécanismes juridictionnels;
·    Solutions pour assurer l'application effective du droit de l'environnement en Afrique.

Recommandations pour une effectivité du droit de l'environnement en Afrique Francophone :

·   Promotion d'un système législatif et réglementaire pertinent en matière de protection de l'environnement dans les pays francophones ;
·    Exigence et contraintes d'une harmonisation des législations nationales au plan sous-régional
·    Perspectives pour l'émergence d'un droit communautaire en matière de gestion de l'environnement au sein des espaces d'intégration sous-régionales.

Merci   d'avance  de participer.


=--=-=
Miss Elena Williams
Conserve Africa Foundation
1st Floor, 36 The Market Square
London N9 0TZ
Tel: +442088879414





Precipitation and Debris Flow and Some Other Good Things

2011-04-24 NRMI: NATURAL RESOURCE MONITORING ITEMS OF INTEREST
This Issue Precipitation and Debris Flow and Some Other Good Things
BUT FIRST, WON’T YOU PLEASE HELP? REDD+ Monitoring and Assessments - I am doing a little study on what the various countries are doing for REDD+ monitoring and assessment for multiple benefits. If you have some information to share, please send to me. Thank you in advance for your kind assistance. Gyde (Gyde@comcast.net).
FEEDBACK – Precipitation and Debris Flow. Last month, Kevin Cole wrote “I teach several Geology courses at Grand Valley State University in Allendale Michigan. I am in Washington State on Sabbatical for another 3 weeks and am seeking precipitation data for the West coast of Vancouver Island from 1950-2011. I am writing a paper related to non-anthropogenic debris flow along the inland waterway and have found that sort of data very difficult to find so far... Suggestion?” Here are some sites that may be of interest. If you know of others, please contact Kevin at dwc@u.washington.edu
Coastal Forest Site Rehabilitation Workshop. November 16, 17 and 18, 1999 Nanaimo, BC. Abstracts. 12 p. http://www.forrex.org/Streamline/ISS14/streamline_vol4_no4_art3.pdf
Guthrie, R.H. 2005. Geomorphology of Vancouver Island [electronic resource]: mass wasting potential. B.C. Ministry of Environment, Victoria, BC. Research Report No. RR01. 24 p. http://www.env.gov.bc.ca/wld/documents/techpub/rr01/VImasswaste.pdf
Guthrie, R.H. 2005. Geomorphology of Vancouver Island [electronic resource]: extended legends to nine thematic maps..B.C. Ministry of Environment, Victoria, BC. Research Report No. RR02. 27 p. http://www.env.gov.bc.ca/wld/documents/techpub/rr02/VIextlegends.pdf
Guthrie, R.H. et al. 2010. Extreme weather and landslide initiation in coastal British Columbia. Quarterly Journal of Engineering Geology & Hydrogeology; 43(4): 417-428;. http://qjegh.geoscienceworld.org/cgi/content/abstract/43/4/417
Idle, Roy C. 2007. Using Weather and Climate Information for Landslide Prevention and Mitigation Environmental Science and Engineering, 2007, 285-307, DOI: 10.1007/978-3-540-72438-4_15 Abstract. https://springerlink3.metapress.com/content/w378577878285173/resource-secured/?target=fulltext.pdf&sid=qu3l1sv3c4gaif55fpnosu45&sh=www.springerlink.com
Jakob, M., Lambert, S., 2008. Climate change effects on landslides along the southwest coast of British Columbia, Geomorphology (2009), doi:10.1016/j.geomorph.2008.12.009 http://www.bgcengineering.com/files/publications/MJ_2009_Climate_Change_Effects.pdf
Matthias Jakob . et al. 2006. Hydrometeorological thresholds for landslide initiation and forest operation shutdowns on the north coast of British Columbia http://www.bgcengineering.com/files/publications/KH_Hydro_Meteo_Thresholds_0.pdf
McRuer, Sandy. 2010. Rainfall on the “Wet Coast http://islandnature.ca/2010/02/rainfall-on-the-wet-coast/
Monthly Data Report for 1950 - http://www.climate.weatheroffice.gc.ca/climateData/monthlydata_e.html?Prov=XX&timeframe=3&StationID=889&Month=1&Day=1&Year=1950&cmdB1=Go. (Note, you can retrieve data for all years from 1935 to present for the Vancouver Area as well as other parts of Canada.)
Strîmbu. B. 2011, Modeling the travel distances of debris flows and debris slides: quantifying hillside morphology. Ann. For. Res. 54(1): 119-134.http://www2.latech.edu/~strimbu/Articles/Published/ModelingTravelDistance_Strimbu.pdf
Walling, D. E. et al. eds. 1992. Erosion, Debris Flows and Environment in Mountain Regions. Proceedings of the International Symposium held at Chengdu, China, 5-9 July 1992. http://itia.ntua.gr/hsj/redbooks/209/hysj_209_01_0000.pdf
SOME PUBLICATIONS/URLS OF INTEREST
Davidar, P., et al. 2010. Assessing the extent and causes of forest degradation in India: where do we stand? Biol. Conserv. 143(12):2937-2944.
Daw, T.M. 2010. Shifting baselines and memory illusions: what should we worry about when inferring trends from resource user interviews? Anim. Conserv. 13(6):534-535. Abstract. http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1111/j.1469-1795.2010.00418.x/full
DeFries, R., et al. 2010. Interactions between protected areas and their surroundings in human-dominated tropical landscapes. Biol. Conserv. 143(12):2870-2880
DeFries, R.S., et al. 2002. Carbon emissions from tropical deforestation and regrowth based on satellite observations for the 1980s and 1990s. Proceedings Of The National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America 99: 14256-14261. http://www.goes.msu.edu/publications/pdfs_ps/CGCEO%2073.pdf
Duncan, D.H., et al. 2010. Combining facilitated dialogue and spatial data analysis to compile landscape history. Environ. Conserv. 37(4):432-441. Abstract. http://journals.cambridge.org/action/displayAbstract?fromPage=online&aid=7944201
Dutton, A., et al. 2010. Estimating the value of non-use benefits from small changes in the provision of ecosystem services. Conserv. Biol. 24(6):1479-1487. Abstract. http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1111/j.1523-1739.2010.01536.x/abstract
Edwards, D.P., et al. 2011. Degraded lands worth protecting: the biological importance of Southeast Asia's repeatedly logged forests. Proc. Roy. Soc. B 278(1702):82-90. Abstract. http://rspb.royalsocietypublishing.org/content/early/2010/08/03/rspb.2010.1062.abstract
Essl, F., et al. 2010. Selection for commercial forestry determines global patterns of alien conifer invasions. Divers. Distrib. 16(6):911-921. Abstract. http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1111/j.1472-4642.2010.00705.x/abstract
Esteve-Selma, M.A., et al. 2010. Effects of climatic change on the distribution and conservation of Mediterranean forests: the case of Tetraclinis articulata in the Iberian Peninsula. Biodivers. Conserv. 19(13):3809-3825. Abstract. http://www.springerlink.com/content/j1465097t132k445/
SkyWatch – Track spacecraft live - http://spaceflight1.nasa.gov/realdata/sightings/, From Katherine Blondin (my daughter).
KEEPING UP-TO-DATE – PRODUCTS, NEWSLETTERS, EMAIL LISTS, JOURNALS. See also http://botany.si.edu/pubs/bcn/links.cfm, http://scholar.google.com/, and Directory of open access journals. http://www.doaj.org/doaj?func=findJournals.
Forestry GIS Journal – You can access the latest issue (Winter 2010/2011) and subscribe to the same at http://www.esri.com/industries/forestry/community/forestry_journal.html. You can also join the ESRI Forestry Group at http://www.esri.com/industries/forestry/community/get-connected.html. Both are free.
INFOSYLVA – You may access the latest issue of FAO’s Forestry Newsletter at  http://www.fao.org/forestry/27109-04e13eabc5a1f614a9f79b6ca088258f7.pdf
WORKING SMARTER - WORKSHOPS, MEETINGS, EVENTS, ETC. – See also: http://www.gfis.net/, http://www.iufro.org/events/calendar/ and http://www.iufro.org/info/discover/noticeboard/.
"Introducing GIS" Tutorial with QGIShttp://www.osgeo.org/node/1076. From Alexandre Leroux, Applied GIS RS List.
The OSGeo Education and Curriculum Project - http://www.osgeo.org/education. From Alexandre Leroux, Applied GIS RS List.
24-26 May 2011. Esri Forestry GIS Conference. Redlands, California. See: http://www.esri.com/industries/forestry/index.html
MOVING AHEAD – OPPORTUNITIES – See also: Scholarships-Positions - http://scholarship-positions.com/, Forestry, Arboriculture, Agriculture, Agronomy & Natural Resource Management Jobs at http://www.earthworks-jobs.com/forest.htm, Riley Guide to Agriculture, Forestry, & Farming Jobs http://www.rileyguide.com/agric.html, Finding Your Dream Job in Natural Resources http://www.cyber-sierra.com/nrjobs/, Naturesjobs.com http://www.nature.com/naturejobs/index.html, The Job Seekers Guide for International and Environmental Careers http://ejobs.home.att.net/ and Scholarship Listing http://www.scholarshiplisting.com/.
University of North Dakota - Graduate Research Assistantships - Graduate Research Assistantships available for Fall 2011 - The Earth System Science and Policy Department (ESSP) at the University of North Dakota has research assistantship positions for students seeking a Masters of Environmental Management (MEM), Master of Science (MS) or Ph.D. For all assistantships tuition waiver is available and GRA funding is secured for 9 months; subsequent funding is dependent on student performance and availability of additional funding. Recommended deadline for application is June 1, 2011; however, early applications will receive top priority for admission. Please see ESSP website for more information about the graduate program: http://essp.und.edu/ For more information, contact Soizik Laguette, Ph.D. at laguette@aero.und.edu
 Pay It Forward – Cheers, Gyde
--  H. Gyde Lund   Forest Information Services 6238 Settlers Trail Place Gainesville, VA 20155-1374 USA Tel: +1-703-743-1755 Email: gyde<at>comcast.net   URL: http://www.forestinfoservices.com/ CV: http://home.comcast.net/~gyde/cv.html.  Publications: http://home.comcast.net/~gyde/lundpub.htm.  Skype: forestgyde  

Sunday, 17 April 2011

This Issue Remote Sensing Non-Thermal Radiation and Some Other Good Things

2011-04-17 NRMI: NATURAL RESOURCE MONITORING ITEMS OF INTEREST
This Issue Remote Sensing Non-Thermal Radiation and Some Other Good Things
 FEEDBACK (1): Remote Sensing Non-Thermal Radiation - Last month, David Meek wrote, “A non-academic question of interest given current events: Is anyone aware whether remote sensing sensors are capable of detecting non-thermal nuclear radiation (i.e. that from Japan's Fukushima Dain reactor)? If so, which sensors have been utilized previously?” Here are some sites that may be of interest. If you know of others, please contact David at meekdav@GMAIL.COM
"Radiation Detection Devices" manufacturers & suppliers results - http://www.globalsources.com/manufacturers/Radiation-Detection-Devices.html
Andreoli, G. et al. 2007. Hyperspectral Analysis of Oil and Oil-Impacted Soils for Remote Sensing Purposes. http://publications.jrc.ec.europa.eu/repository/bitstream/111111111/5106/1/6875%20-%20EUR%2022739%20-%20hyperspectral_23-05-2007_rev2.pdf
Bruschini , Claudio; Gros, Bertrand. 1997. A Survey of Current Sensor Technology Research for the Detection of Landmines. Presented at the International Workshop on Sustainable Humanitarian Demining (SusDem'97), 29 September-1 October 1997, Zagreb, Croatia http://diwww.epfl.ch/lami/detec/susdemsurvey.html and http://maic.jmu.edu/journal/2.1/bruschini.htm
Dickel, J.R. 1982? Earth-based remote sensing of planetary surfaces and atmospheres at radio wavelengths. Abstract. http://adsabs.harvard.edu/abs/1982STIN...8218104D
Eden, Dan. N.d. Weapons of total destruction. http://www.bibliotecapleyades.net/haarp/esp_HAARP_4.htm
Grimald, S.; Santolík, O. 2009. Possible wave modes of wideband nonthermal continuum radiation in its source region. Journal of Geophysical Research, Vol. 115, A06209, http://aurora2.troja.mff.cuni.cz/~santolik/papers/2009JA014997.pdf
HSNW 2011. New technology allows detection of nuclear materials from a mile away. http://homelandsecuritynewswire.com/new-technology-allows-detection-nuclear-materials-mile-away
Jasani, Bhupendra, 2000. Remote monitoring from space: the resolution revolution. Verification Yearbook 2000.: 119-213. http://www.vertic.org/media/Archived_Publications/Yearbooks/2000/VY00_Jasani.pdf
Jones, D. 1984. Non Thermal Continium Radiation at the Planetary Radio Emissions. Proceedings of an International Workshop held at Graz, Austria, July 9–10, 1984. Abstract. http://epub.oeaw.ac.at/pre1/jones.pdf
Kasaba, Y., et al.1998., Remote sensing of the plasmapause during substorms: Geotail observation of nonthermal continuum enhancement, J. Geophys. Res., 103(A9), 20389-20405. Abstract. http://europa.agu.org/?view=article&uri=/journals/ja/98JA00809.xml
Keelerj Anna. N.d Microwave Detection Remote Mind Control Technology http://www.bugsweeps.com/info/microwave.html
Milman, Andrew S. 2000. Mathematical Principles of Remote Sensing: Making Inferences from Noisy Data. Abstract. http://andymilman.com/Book.html
Sandoval. M.B. 1996? Treaty on open skies sensor technologies with potential international safeguards applications. http://www.osti.gov/bridge/servlets/purl/414334-4QZ38T/webviewable/414334.pdf
Schuessler, John F. 2000. Detection & Identification of UFOs Using Existing Technology http://www.rense.com/ufo6/idufos.htm
Zoran, Maria. N.d. Satellite remote sensing for nuclear power plant environment ‘s. ANALYSIS 93-104. http://waste-environment.vin.bg.ac.rs/energija/proceedings/7%20%2093-104%20str.%20Maria%20Zoran%20B5.pdf
FEEDBACK (2) – Is climate change real? (See NRMI 10 April 2011) A site for those who question whether climate change is real or, if real, caused by man: http://www.cato.org/pub_display.php?pub_id=9406. From Mark Barnett, Fall Line Consultants, LL.
SOME PUBLICATIONS/URLS OF INTEREST
Alexandre, B., et a. 2010. How can we estimate buffer zones of protected areas? A proposal using biological data. Nat. Conservacao 8(2):165-170.
Asner, G.P., et al. 2010. Combined effects of climate and land-use change on the future of humid tropical forests. Conserv. Lett. 3(6):395-403. Abstract. http://www.citeulike.org/user/Flit/article/7676727
Behera, Mukunda Dev; et al. 2000. Utility of GPS in classification accuracy assessment. Current Science, 79(12): 1696-1700. http://www.ias.ac.in/currsci/dec252000/1696.pdf
Berkes, F. 2010. Devolution of environment and resources governance: trends and future. Environ. Conserv. 37(4):489-500.
Birch, J.C., et al. 2010. Cost-effectiveness of dryland forest restoration evaluated by spatial analysis of ecosystem services. Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. USA 107(50):21925-21930. Abstract. http://pubget.com/profile/author/Thomas%20Kitzberger
Bist, M.S. 2000. Monitoring of vegetation cover and land use in Nanda Devi Biosphere Reserve. The Indian Forester, 126(6): 664-673
Black, S.; Groombridge, J. 2010. Use of a business excellence model to improve conservation programs. Conserv. Biol. 24(6):1448-1458. Abstract. http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1111/j.1523-1739.2010.01562.x/abstract
Bowman, D.M.J.S.; Haberle, S.G. 2010. Paradise burnt: how colonizing humans transform landscapes with fire. Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. USA 107(50):21234-21235. http://www.montana.edu/mcwethy/pubs/PNAS_commentary_Bowman_Haberle.pdf
Bremer, L.L.; Farley, K.A. 2010. Does plantation forestry restore biodiversity or create green deserts? A synthesis of the effects of land-use transitions on plant species richness. Biodivers. Conserv. 19(14):3893-3915. http://web.me.com/kfwolf/Farley/Research_files/Bremer%26Farley2010.pdf
Carroll, C., et al. 2010. Hierarchical Bayesian spatial models for multispecies conservation planning and monitoring. Conserv. Biol. 24(6):1538-1548. http://www.klamathconservation.org/docs/carrolletal2010hires.pdf
Carvalho, S.B., et al. 2010. From climate change predictions to actions - conserving vulnerable animal groups in hotspots at a regional scale. Global Change Biol. 16(12):3257-3270. Abstract. http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1111/j.1365-2486.2010.02212.x/abstract
Chen, X.D., et al. 2010. Using cost-effective targeting to enhance the efficiency of conservation investments in payments for ecosystem services. Conserv. Biol. 24(6):1469-1478. Abstract. http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1111/j.1523-1739.2010.01551.x/abstract
Earth Matters. Geasphere Video Links. http://www.geasphere.co.za/video.htm. From the Africa Network for Environmental Sustainability (ANFES).
KEEPING UP-TO-DATE – PRODUCTS, NEWSLETTERS, EMAIL LISTS, JOURNALS. See also http://botany.si.edu/pubs/bcn/links.cfm, http://scholar.google.com/, and Directory of open access journals. http://www.doaj.org/doaj?func=findJournals.
WORKING SMARTER - WORKSHOPS, MEETINGS, EVENTS, ETC. – See also: http://www.gfis.net/, http://www.iufro.org/events/calendar/ and http://www.iufro.org/info/discover/noticeboard/.
 MOVING AHEAD – OPPORTUNITIES – See also: Scholarships-Positions - http://scholarship-positions.com/, Forestry, Arboriculture, Agriculture, Agronomy & Natural Resource Management Jobs at http://www.earthworks-jobs.com/forest.htm, Riley Guide to Agriculture, Forestry, & Farming Jobs http://www.rileyguide.com/agric.html, Finding Your Dream Job in Natural Resources http://www.cyber-sierra.com/nrjobs/, Naturesjobs.com http://www.nature.com/naturejobs/index.html, The Job Seekers Guide for International and Environmental Careers http://ejobs.home.att.net/ and Scholarship Listing http://www.scholarshiplisting.com/.
Authors wanted – The African Journal of Agricultural Research is seeking authors for its journal. For details see www.academicjournals.org/ajar
Pay It Forward – Cheers, Gyde
--  H. Gyde Lund   Forest Information Services 6238 Settlers Trail Place Gainesville, VA 20155-1374 USA Tel: +1-703-743-1755 Email: gyde<at>comcast.net   URL: http://www.forestinfoservices.com/ CV: http://home.comcast.net/~gyde/cv.html.  Publications: http://home.comcast.net/~gyde/lundpub.htm.  Skype: forestgyde  

Wednesday, 13 April 2011

Le Congo doit publier les contrats pour démontrer son engagement envers la transparence

11th Avril 2011


La République démocratique du Congo doit honorer ses engagements envers la transparence en publiant les détails des gros contrats conclus dans le secteur des ressources naturelles, a déclaré Global Witness aujourd’hui. Cette requête est présentée à la veille d’une réunion de la Banque mondiale qui permettra de déterminer si les conditions sont réunies pour lever le gel de toute nouvelle aide au pays, telles que stipulées dans une « matrice de la gouvernance économique » rendue publique aujourd’hui par Global Witness


http://www.globalwitness.org/fr/library/le-congo-doit-publier-les-contrats-pour-d%C3%A9montrer-son-engagement-envers-la-transparence

Wisdom from the Past, Resilience for the Future

Wisdom from the Past, Resilience for the Future

Wisdom from the Past, Resilience for the Future - the story of Sheka
Forest, one of Ethiopia's largest and last remaining tropical forests.
Together with our partner Melca Ethiopia, the clan leaders, the local
community and local government have come together to help secure the
future of the forest and its rich bio-cultural diversity, to find
sustainable livelihood options and to strengthen community ecological
governance. Produced by Melca Ethiopia, the African Biodiversity
Network (ABN) and The Gaia Foundation.


More at:

http://www.gaiafoundation.org/content/wisdom-past-resilience-future


2011 Goldman Environmental Prize Honors Six Grassroots Heroes

2011 Goldman Environmental Prize Honors Six Grassroots Heroes
SAN FRANCISCO, California, April 11, 2011 (ENS)

The Goldman Environmental Foundation today announced the six recipients of the 2011 Goldman Environmental Prize - a group of grassroots leaders who are taking on tough challenges to protect the environment and their communities, often at great personal risk.

The 2011 Goldman Prize recipients come from El Salvador, Germany,
Indonesia, Russia, the United States and Zimbabwe and their work is as
diverse as their homelands.

More at:
http://www.ens-newswire.com/ens/apr2011/2011-04-11-02.html

Summary Report Civil Society Consultation Conducted by UN-NGLS For the UN Secretary General’s High-level Panel on Global Sustainability

Summary Report Civil Society Consultation Conducted by UN-NGLS For the
UN Secretary General's High-level Panel on Global Sustainability

At the request of the Secretariat of the UN Secretary-General's High-
level Panel on Global Sustainability (GSP), the UN Non-Governmental
Liaison Service (NGLS) conducted a civil society consultation to
gather inputs for consideration by the GSP Panelists, their deputies,
and the GSP Secretariat. Based on the GSP Terms of Reference and the
reports of the Panel's and Sherpas' meetings so far, NGLS formulated a
menu of questions for consideration by civil society organizations
during the month of March 2011.

More at:
http://www.un-ngls.org/spip.php?page=gsp
http://www.un-ngls.org/IMG/pdf/Summary_Report_-_UN-NGLS_Consultation_for_the_Global_Sustainability_Panel.pdf

Energy Efficiency Survey in Nigeria: A Guide for Developing Policy and Legislation

Dear All,
I am happy to share with you a study we conducted recently in Nigeria
on energy efficiency. It is titled "Energy Efficiency Survey in
Nigeria: A Guide for Developing Policy and Legislation". The survey
was conducted to elicit information that will guide the development of
energy efficiency policy which will in turn strengthen regulatory
measures to use energy efficiently in Nigeria.
The report can be downloaded in our website
www.credcentre.org. Please
click on the link "Publications" on the right hand side of the home
page and then on the link "Energy Efficiency Survey" to download the
report. Or you can download it using the link below
http://www.credcentre.org/Publications/EE%20Survey%20Nigeria.pdf
Please we will appreciate comments and questions on the survey
Etiosa Uyigue

Etiosa Uyigue
Executive Director
Community Research and Development Centre (CREDC)
266 Ugbowo-Lagos Road
P.O. Box 11011, Benin City 300001
Edo State, Nigeria
+234 52 878788
+234 703 9405619 (Mobile)
+1 309 401 0921 (e-Fax)
Alternative Email:
etiosa@credcentre.org
www.credcentre.org
--

[ANFES] Civil Society Perspectives on 'Aforestation' and mining in Southern Africa

Civil Society Perspectives on 'Aforestation' and mining in Southern
Africa

Relevant Presentations and Interviews online at:
http://www.geasphere.co.za/video.htm
These video clips and presentations provide valuable insight regarding
perspectives on 'Industrial Development" (including 'aforestation') as
experienced in Southern Africa.

Richard Spoor "Development for the sake of Development - Quantifying
the
Benefits and Calculating the Costs"
Presentation delivered at the GeaSphere 'Changing Climate' meeting in
Nelspruit, 25 July, 2009.

Sandile Zwane (GeaSphere Swaziland)
Short introduction to GeaSphere in Swaziland

Vera Ribeiro (GeaSphere Mozambique)
Short introduction to GeaSphere in Mozambique

Thelma Nkosi (GeaSphere S.A.)
Interview in Mthatha regarding plantation impacts.

Owen Ndidi (Eastern Cape Environmental Network)
Interview regarding plantations expansion in the Eastern Cape

December Ndhlovu (GeaSphere S.A.)
Interview in Mthatha regarding plantation impacts.

Thabang Nqozela (EMG - Environmental Monitoring Group)
Interview in Mthatha - Communities and Development

Enjoy!
GeaSpherewww.geasphere.co.za
Special thanks to Roy MacGregor and EcoDoc Africa for capturing these
perspectives. .


2011 Goldman Environmental Prize Honors Six Grassroots Heroes

2011 Goldman Environmental Prize Honors Six Grassroots Heroes
SAN FRANCISCO, California, April 11, 2011 (ENS)

- The Goldman Environmental Foundation today announced the six recipients of the 2011 Goldman Environmental Prize - a group of grassroots leaders who are taking on tough challenges to protect the environment and their communities, often at great personal risk.

The 2011 Goldman Prize recipients come from El Salvador, Germany, Indonesia, Russia, the United States and Zimbabwe and their work is as diverse as their homelands.

More at:
http://www.ens-newswire.com/ens/apr2011/2011-04-11-02.html

Prix Goldman 2011 : six héros de l'environnement récompensés

Prix Goldman 2011 : six héros de l'environnement récompensés

Info rédaction, publiée le 13 avril 2011
http://www.maxisciences.com

Prix Goldman 2011 : six héros de l'environnement récompensés
Comme chaque année depuis plus de vingt ans, six "héros de
l'environnement", venus des quatre coins du monde, se sont vus
décerner un prix Goldman. Ces six "prix Nobel" de l'environnement,
tels qu'ils sont considérés, récompensent de 150.000 dollars des
militants anonymes qui sur les six continents, oeuvrent pour la
sauvegarde de la planète.


La 22e cérémonie de remise des Prix Goldman s'est tenue lundi dernier
à San Francisco, ville où ils ont été crées en 1990 par M. Richard N.
Goldman et sa femme Rhoda, des "leaders communautaires et
philanthropes" qui ont souhaité récompenser les héros locaux de
l'environnement, raconte le site Goldmanprize. Chacun des lauréats
recevra la somme de 150.000 dollars pour poursuivre son action en
faveur de la préservation des richesses naturelles de la planète. Il
s'agit de "la plus grande récompense au monde offerte aux défenseurs
de l'environnement à titre individuel".


En Amérique Centrale et du Sud, c'est l'engagement de Francisco
Pineda, vivant au Salvador, qui a été récompensé. Cet homme a permis
d'empêcher l'exploitation d'une mine d'or, afin de préserver
l'approvisionnement en eau de la région. Il a reçu de nombreuses
menaces de mort pour cette action.


Bien loin de là, en Allemagne, Ursula Sladek a été honorée pour la
zone Europe. Elle est la fondatrice de la première entreprise
fournissant de l'énergie renouvelable en Allemagne. Une société
qu'elle a mise en place suite à la catastrophe nucléaire de
Tchernobyl, en 1986.


Dans la catégorie des Etats insulaires, c'est le biologiste indonésien
Prigi Arisandi qui a été récompensé, pour avoir initié un mouvement de
protestation contre la pollution industrielle d'une rivière située
près de Surabaya, l'une des villes les plus peuplées d'Indonésie.
Cette rivière permet d'approvisionner en eau quelque trois millions de
personnes.


Aux Etats-Unis,
 le prix a été remis à Hilton Kelley, qui lutte pour la
défense des victimes les plus touchées par la pollution de
l'industrie pétrochimique sur la côte texane. Pour la région Afrique,
c'est Raoul du Toit, habitant du Zimbabwe, qui a été récompensé pour
son combat pour la préservation des rhinocéros noirs, une espèce
menacée par le braconnage. En Asie enfin, le Russe Dmitri Lisitsyn a
été honoré pour son engagement envers l'écosystème de l'île de
Sakhaline, dont la richesse est menacée par l'industrie pétrochimique.

Tuesday, 12 April 2011

Atelier international sur le droit environnemental et développement durable

Bonjour à tous,

Nous remercions tous ceux qui ont manifesté leur intérêt à participer
à l'atelier international qui abordera les problèmes de droit
environnemental et développement durable en Afrique.

Nous vous fournirons des informations détaillées dans les prochains
jours.


Nous pensons qu'il manque en Afrique des ateliers de formation de haut
niveau qui traitent les problèmes environnementaux africains. Si
vous avez d'autres propositions de thèmes sur lesquels nous pourrons
organiser des formations futures, prière de nous faire des
suggestions.

Nous vous suggérons d'ores et déjà de commencer à contacter les
bailleurs de fonds dans votre pays pour financer votre
participation. Vous pouvez par exemple contacter le PNUD, la Banque
Mondiale, l'USAID, les Ambassades accréditées dans voter pays ainsi
que d'autres donateurs. En les contacter le plus tôt possible, vous
aurez la chance de trouver un financement.

Cet atelier international de haut niveau sera animé par les experts
internationaux venus d'Afrique, France, Royaume Uni et Les États-
Unis.


Le premier atelier international sera organisé au Benin, puis les
autres ateliers internationaux qui suivront seront organisés dans
d'autres pays africains, si nous trouvons des organisations
intéressées à travailler avec nous pour l'organisation.

Comme les places sont très limitées, les intéressés sont priés de se
faire inscrire le plus rapidement possible.

Meilleures salutations.
=--=-=
Elena William
Training Coordinator
Conserve Africa Foundation
1st Floor, 36 The Market Square
London N9 0TZ
Tel: +442088879414
Web:
http://www.conserveafrica.org.uk/

Monday, 11 April 2011

Civil Society Perspectives on 'Aforestation' and mining in Southern Africa

Civil Society Perspectives on 'Aforestation' and mining in Southern
Africa

Relevant Presentations and Interviews online at:
http://www.geasphere.co.za/video.htm
These video clips and presentations provide valuable insight regarding
perspectives on 'Industrial Development" (including 'aforestation') as
experienced in Southern Africa.

Richard Spoor "Development for the sake of Development - Quantifying
the
Benefits and Calculating the Costs"
Presentation delivered at the GeaSphere 'Changing Climate' meeting in
Nelspruit, 25 July, 2009.

Sandile Zwane (GeaSphere Swaziland)
Short introduction to GeaSphere in Swaziland

Vera Ribeiro (GeaSphere Mozambique)
Short introduction to GeaSphere in Mozambique

Thelma Nkosi (GeaSphere S.A.)
Interview in Mthatha regarding plantation impacts.

Owen Ndidi (Eastern Cape Environmental Network)
Interview regarding plantations expansion in the Eastern Cape

December Ndhlovu (GeaSphere S.A.)
Interview in Mthatha regarding plantation impacts.

Thabang Nqozela (EMG - Environmental Monitoring Group)
Interview in Mthatha - Communities and Development

Enjoy!
GeaSpherewww.geasphere.co.za
Special thanks to Roy MacGregor and EcoDoc Africa for capturing these
perspectives. .


Civil Society Perspectives on 'Aforestation' and mining in Southern Africa

Civil Society Perspectives on 'Aforestation' and mining in Southern
Africa

Relevant Presentations and Interviews online at:
http://www.geasphere.co.za/video.htm
These video clips and presentations provide valuable insight regarding
perspectives on 'Industrial Development" (including 'aforestation') as
experienced in Southern Africa.

Richard Spoor "Development for the sake of Development - Quantifying
the
Benefits and Calculating the Costs"
Presentation delivered at the GeaSphere 'Changing Climate' meeting in
Nelspruit, 25 July, 2009.

Sandile Zwane (GeaSphere Swaziland)
Short introduction to GeaSphere in Swaziland

Vera Ribeiro (GeaSphere Mozambique)
Short introduction to GeaSphere in Mozambique

Thelma Nkosi (GeaSphere S.A.)
Interview in Mthatha regarding plantation impacts.

Owen Ndidi (Eastern Cape Environmental Network)
Interview regarding plantations expansion in the Eastern Cape

December Ndhlovu (GeaSphere S.A.)
Interview in Mthatha regarding plantation impacts.

Thabang Nqozela (EMG - Environmental Monitoring Group)
Interview in Mthatha - Communities and Development

Enjoy!
GeaSpherewww.geasphere.co.za
Special thanks to Roy MacGregor and EcoDoc Africa for capturing these
perspectives. .


Annonce: Atelier de formation en droit environnemental:

Annonce: Atelier de formation en droit environnemental:

Conserve Africa Foundation en collaboration avec les institutions et
ONG du Bénin organisent une formation nationale de 4 jours sur le
droit en environnemental qui se tiendra du 6 au 9 Juin 2011 au
Benin. La participation à l'atelier national est gratuite et
rassemblera des représentants du gouvernement et des ONG du Bénin.
Les participants étrangers ne sont pas admis à cette formation.

Une formation similaire à caractère international, à laquelle les
participants étrangers pourront participer, sera organisée en
Novembre 2011. Les frais de participation seront communiqués aux
participants étrangers qui désirent participer à l'atelier.

Pour de plus amples informations et pour se faire inscrire pour
participer à l'atelier national et international, veuillez contacter :


M.Odou Toudonou MarcellinGERAPIA-ONG
République du Bénin
Téléphone fixe 00229 20 24 85 26
Téléphone portable : 00229 97 24 96 51 ou 00229 95 42 72 09
E-mail :
gerapia2011@gmail.com

ou

Miss Elena WilliamsConserve Africa Foundation
1st Floor, 36 The Market Square
London N9 0TZ
Tel: +442088879414
E-mail:
elena.williams@conserveafrica.org.uk
Web: http://www.conserveafrica.org.uk/

Saturday, 9 April 2011

Rapport de l'atelier de Forest Monitor au Congo

Rapport de l'atelier de Forest Monitor au Congo

L'ONG Forests Monitor publie le Rapport de l’atelier sous régional « Société civile et Observation indépendante de la mise en application de la loi et de la gouvernance (OI – FLEG) » qu'elle a organisé en collaboration avec Resource Extraction Monitoring (REM), du 27 au 29 octobre 2009 à Brazzaville (Congo). Cet atelier, auquel prenaient part 22 participants venant de la RDC, de la RCA, du Congo et du Gabon, s'inscrivait dans le cadre du projet de Renforcement des capacités dans le Bassin du Congo et de mise en oeuvre de l’Observation indépendante de la mise en application de la loi et de la gouvernance (OI-FLEG) en République du Congo.



http://www.forestsmonitor.org/uploads/2e90368e95c9fb4f82d3d562fea6ed8d/Brazzaville_Regional_workshop_report_FR_2.pdf

Drought resistant crops to fight famine in Ukambani .

Drought resistant crops to fight famine in Ukambani .

Farmers in Ukambani will benefit from a new farming initiative focusing on drought resistant horticultural crops. The programme, funded by United States Agency for International Development and Kenya Horticulture Competitiveness Project, will cover Machakos, Kitui and Makueni districts.

KHCP field manager David Ojwang’ said the project targets over 10,000 farmers in the region who will be encouraged to grow crops like green-grams, cow peas, pepper and fruits such as pawpaws and watermelon.He said that such crops are drought resistant and have ready market both locally and unternationally.
Speaking yesterday at Nzakame in Kitui West district, Ojwang’ said the aim of the project is to change the community’s reliance on maize which performs poorly due to erratic rains.“Farmers in this region are faced with perennial famine because they rely on maize and other crops that need plenty of rain. You need to change your farming activities to alleviate poverty,” Ojwang’ said.

Ukamba Christian Community Service will be the implementing agency in giving technical advice to farmers as well as linking them to international markets. Urbanus Mutua, the UCCS agronomist said 200 self-help groups have been identified through which 2,500 farmers will benefit from the project.

Mutua said selected farmers will be trained and will be expected to train other farmers on how to venture into horticulture farming.“We need these skills to trickle down to other farmers in the grassroots,” he said.
District agricultural officer James Wagarangu appealed to farmers who have benefitted from the Njaa Marufuku Fund to pay back so that other farmers can benefit.

He said only a handful of farmers who received Sh120,000 from the fund have fully repaid the money. The revolving kitty was started to improve farming among small-scale farmers in the area and to boost food security.





Réunion du Fonds forestier du Bassin du Congo

Réunion du Fonds forestier du Bassin du Congo

Une Réunion du Conseil de direction du Fonds forestier du Bassin du Congo (FFBC) s'est tenue le 24 novembre 2009 à Yaoundé, en présence de M. Paul Martin, ancien premier ministre du Canada et du professeur Wangari Maathai, Prix Nobel de la paix, Co-présidents du Fonds. Le FFBC est un fonds international lancé en 2008, destiné à soutenir des projets qui visent à ralentir le rythme de la déforestation du Bassin du Congo afin, d'une part, de contribuer à lutter contre les changements climatiques, et d'autre part, à réduire la pauvreté pour plus de 50 millions de personnes vivant dans le Bassin du Congo. Avec les dotations initiales des gouvernements britannique et norvégien, le FFBC est doté aujourd'hui de plus de 100 millions d'euros, dont la gestion est assurée par la Banque africaine de développement (BAD).
 
Cette réunion se tient au moment où de fortes critiques s'expriment à propos du mécanisme de gestion du fonds adopté à la BAD. En effet, certains gouvernements des pays du Bassin du Congo regrettent la mise à l'écart des autorités publiques dans les processus de sélection des organisations de la société civile soumissionnant aux appels à projets. Ainsi, au cours de l'atelier sur la mise en oeuvre du Plan de convergence de la COMIFAC et des conventions majeures sur les forêts et l'environnement, qui s'est tenu dans le cadre de la 6ème plénière du Partenariat pour les forêts du Bassin du Congo, le ministre congolais de l'environnement, qui abondait dans le sens des propos exprimés plus tôt par le Secrétaire général du ministère camerounais des forêts, avait exprimé ses réserves quant à la gouvernance du Fonds, et souligné par conséquent le risque d'échec du FFBC.



6éme réunion du PFBC à Yaoundé

Trois cent participants, experts sous-régionaux et internationaux, bailleurs fonds, acteurs issus d'institutions nationales et de la société civile, sont réunis à Yaoundé dans le cadre de la 6ème réunion plénière du Partenariat pour les Forêts du Bassin du Congo (PFBC). Ouverts le 11 novembre 2009 par le ministre en charge des forêts de la RCA, Président en exercice de la Commission des forêts d'Afrique centrale (COMIFAC), M. Emmanuel Bizot, en présence des ministres des forêts et de l'environnement de la RDC, du Cameroun, du Congo et du Tchad, les travaux de Yaoundé visent à partager les expériences vécues au cours des dernières années dans un cadre dépassant le niveau technique, en vue de consolider la vision du partenariat. Précisant les objectifs de la rencontre, M. Hans Schipulle, Facilitateur du PFBC, a souligné le souhait ardent de créer un moment de dialogue ouvert et d'approfondir des thématiques pouvant faciliter la mise en œuvre du Plan de Convergence de la COMIFAC et des conventions internationales majeures sur les forêts et l'environnement.

Friday, 8 April 2011

Eco-farming can double food production in 10 Years, says new UN report

Eco-farming can double food production in 10 Years, says new UN report

http://www.srfood.org/images/stories/pdf/press_releases/20110308_agroecology-report-pr_en.pdf

Small-scale farmers can double food production within 10 years in critical regions by using ecological methods, a new UN report* shows. Based on an extensive review of the recent scientific literature, the study calls for a fundamental shift towards agroecology as a way to boost food production and improve the situation of the poorest. “To feed 9 billion people in 2050, we urgently need to adopt the most efficient farming techniques available,” says Olivier De Schutter, UN Special Rapporteur on the right to food and author of the report. “Today’s scientific evidence demonstrates that agroecological methods outperform the use of chemical fertilizers in boosting food production where the hungry live — especially in unfavorable environments.”

Agroecology applies ecological science to the design of agricultural systems that can help put an end to food crises and address climate-change and poverty challenges. It enhances soils productivity and protects the crops against pests by relying on the natural environment such as beneficial trees, plants, animals and insects. “To date, agroecological projects have shown an average crop yield increase of 80% in 57 developing countries, with an average increase of 116% for all African projects,” De Schutter says. “Recent projects conducted in 20 African countries demonstrated a doubling of crop yields over a period of 3-10 years.”

“Conventional farming relies on expensive inputs, fuels climate change and is not resilient to climatic shocks. It simply is not the best choice anymore today,” De Schutter stresses. “A large segment of the scientific community now acknowledges the positive impacts of agroecology on food production, poverty alleviation and climate change mitigation — and this this is what is needed in a world of limited resources. Malawi, a country that launched a massive chemical fertilizer subsidy program a few years ago, is now implementing agroecology, benefiting more than 1.3 million of the poorest people, with maize yields increasing from 1 ton/ha to 2-3 tons/ha.”

The report also points out that projects in Indonesia, Vietnam and Bangladesh recorded up to 92 % reduction in insecticide use for rice, leading to important savings for poor farmers. “Knowledge came to replace pesticides and fertilizers. This was a winning bet, and comparable results abound in other African, Asian and Latin American countries,” the independent expert notes. “The approach is also gaining ground in developed countries such as United States, Germany or France,” he said. “However, despite its impressive potential in realizing the right to food for all, agroecology is still insufficiently backed by ambitious public policies and consequently hardly goes beyond the experimental stage.”

The report identifies a dozen of measures that States should implement to scale up agroecological practices. “Agroecology is a knowledge-intensive approach. It requires public policies supporting agricultural research and participative extension services,” De Schutter says. “States and donors have a key role to play here. Private companies will not invest time and money in practices that cannot be rewarded by patents and which don’t open markets for chemical products or improved seeds.”

The Special Rapporteur on the right to food also urges States to support small-scale farmer’s organizations, which demonstrated a great ability to disseminate the best agroecological practices among their members. “Strengthening social organization proves to be as impactful as distributing fertilizers. Small-scale farmers and scientists can create innovative practices when they partner”, De Schutter explains. “We won’t solve hunger and stop climate change with industrial farming on large plantations. The solution lies in supporting small-scale farmers’ knowledge and experimentation, and in raising incomes of smallholders so as to contribute to rural development. If key stakeholders support the measures identified in the report, we can see a doubling of food production within 5 to 10 years in some regions where the hungry live,” De Schutter says. “Whether or not we will succeed this transition will depend on our ability to learn faster from recent innovations. We need to go fast if we want to avoid repeated food and climate disasters in the 21st century.”

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