Environmental law is an essential tool for the governance and management of the environment and natural resources. It is the foundation of national and regional policies and actions to ensure that the use of natural resources is done equitably and sustainably.
In the East African sub-regional countries of Kenya, Tanzania and Uganda have, since 1995, been developing and harmonizing various environmental laws in selected sectors within their region. The process of developing and harmonizing environmental laws is intended to lead to the enactment or amendment of the internal legislative, regulatory and administrative framework of each country. Such change has been harmonized at a sub-regional level where the three countries have agreed on legal principles, definitions and substantive legal provisions to govern a segment or matter of the environment or natural resource sector.