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Thursday, 31 March 2011

Environmental Law in East Africa

Environmental law is an essential tool for the governance and management of the environment and natural resources. It is the foundation of national and regional policies and actions to ensure that the use of natural resources is done equitably and sustainably.

In the East African sub-regional countries of Kenya, Tanzania and Uganda have, since 1995, been developing and harmonizing various environmental laws in selected sectors within their region. The process of developing and harmonizing environmental laws is intended to lead to the enactment or amendment of the internal legislative, regulatory and administrative framework of each country. Such change has been harmonized at a sub-regional level where the three countries have agreed on legal principles, definitions and substantive legal provisions to govern a segment or matter of the environment or natural resource sector.




Wednesday, 30 March 2011

Environmental laws and sustainability

Please find below some information about environmental laws and sustainability (http://www.mdpi.com/journal/sustainability/special_issues/env-laws/)

More articles:


John C. Dernbach and Joel A. Mintz, Environmental Laws and Sustainability: An Introduction, http://www.mdpi.com/2071-1050/3/3/531/

Nicholas A. Ashford and Ralph P. Hall, The Importance of Regulation-Induced Innovation for Sustainable Development, http://www.mdpi.com/2071-1050/3/1/270/

Klaus Bosselmann, Losing the Forest for the Trees: Environmental Reductionism in the Law, http://www.mdpi.com/2071-1050/2/8/2424/

Anthony B. Schutz, Grassland Governance and Common-Interest Communities, http://www.mdpi.com/2071-1050/2/7/2320/

Robert W. Adler, Drought, Sustainability, and the Law, http://www.mdpi.com/2071-1050/2/7/2176/

Kenneth W. Abbott and Gary E. Marchant, Institutionalizing Sustainability across the Federal Government, http://www.mdpi.com/2071-1050/2/7/1924/

Rachel Medina and A. Dan Tarlock, Addressing Climate Change at the State and Local Level: Using Land Use Controls to Reduce Automobile Emissions, http://www.mdpi.com/2071-1050/2/6/1742/

Maja Goepel, Formulating Future Just Policies: Applying the Delhi Sustainable Development Law Principles, http://www.mdpi.com/2071-1050/2/6/1694/

Robin Kundis Craig and J.B. Ruhl, Governing for Sustainable Coasts: Complexity, Climate Change, and Coastal Ecosystem Protection, http://www.mdpi.com/2071-1050/2/5/1361/

Amanda L. Kennedy, Using Community-Based Social Marketing Techniques to Enhance Environmental Regulation, http://www.mdpi.com/2071-1050/2/4/1138/

Andrea Ross, It’s Time to Get Serious—Why Legislation Is Needed to Make Sustainable Development a Reality in the UK, http://www.mdpi.com/2071-1050/2/4/1101/




Tuesday, 29 March 2011

INDIA'S FOREST RIGHTS ACT OF 2006

INDIA'S FOREST RIGHTS ACT OF 2006






SMOKE AND MIRRORS: A CRITICAL ASSESSMENT OF THE FOREST CARBON PARTNERSHIP FACILITY

SMOKE AND MIRRORS: A CRITICAL ASSESSMENT OF THE FOREST CARBON PARTNERSHIP FACILITY

This report from FERN and Forest Peoples Programme analyses eight of the Readiness Preparedness Plans (RPPs) submitted to the World Bank’s Forest Carbon Partnership Facility (FCPF) and reviews current FCPF documents and policy debates. The review finds that rather than strengthening and implementing the Bank’s safeguards, the FCPF has created a dense set of guidelines that appear to water down existing policies and obfuscate minimum standards.



SMOKE AND MIRRORS: A CRITICAL ASSESSMENT OF THE FOREST CARBON PARTNERSHIP FACILITY

SMOKE AND MIRRORS: A CRITICAL ASSESSMENT OF THE FOREST CARBON PARTNERSHIP FACILITY

This report from FERN and Forest Peoples Programme analyses eight of the Readiness Preparedness Plans (RPPs) submitted to the World Bank’s Forest Carbon Partnership Facility (FCPF) and reviews current FCPF documents and policy debates. The review finds that rather than strengthening and implementing the Bank’s safeguards, the FCPF has created a dense set of guidelines that appear to water down existing policies and obfuscate minimum standards.



INDIA'S FOREST RIGHTS ACT OF 2006

INDIA'S FOREST RIGHTS ACT OF 2006







Monday, 28 March 2011

Understading Environmental Rights

http://www.carnegiecouncil.org/resources/publications/dialogue/2_11/index.html/_res/id=sa_File1/Human_Rights_Dialogue_Environment.pdf

http://www.ielrc.org/content/a9502.pdf

RULE OF LAW, GOOD GOVERNANCE, AND SUSTAINABLE DEVELOPMENT

RULE OF LAW, GOOD GOVERNANCE, AND SUSTAINABLE DEVELOPMENT



This paper reviews the relationship between the rule of law, good governance, and sustainable development, as those terms are used by the relevant development organizations; describes the efforts made by various organizations to promote the rule of law and good governance; and addresses the need to strengthen compliance and enforcement for sustainable development.
http://www.inece.org/conference/7/vol1/05_Sachiko_Zaelke.pdf


Judges and the Rule of Law, Creating the Links: Environment, Human Rights and Poverty
The role of the judiciary to achieve environmental conservation was recognised in the last decade by Agenda 21. Paragraph 8.26 states that “efforts to provide an effective legal framework for sustainable development should be oriented towards improving the legal-institutional capacities of countries to cope with national problems of governance and effective law-making, and law-applying in the field of environment and sustainable development.” Most recently, the Johannesburg Principles have emphasised that “the fragile state of the global environment requires the judiciary, as the guardian of the Rule of Law, to boldly and fearlessly implement and enforce applicable international and national laws … ” The necessity of further strengthening the rule of law and its complementary national frameworks, especially each country’s ability to effectively implement and enforce existing environmental law through national authorities and adequate judicial institutions, has been repeated in the Johannesburg Plan of Implementation.
http://data.iucn.org/dbtw-wpd/edocs/EPLP-060.pdf

Sunday, 27 March 2011

Desertification in West Africa

Desertification in West Africa




DROIT DE L’ENVIRONNEMENT AU SÉNÉGAL

Sénégal : Loi portant Code de l’environnement ------------------------------------------------------------------------ Exposé des motifs La mise en place d’un cadre juridique rénové pour une bonne gestion de l’environnement constitue l’une des préoccupations des pouvoirs publics au Sénégal. La loi n° 83-05 du 28 Janvier 1983 portant Code de l’environnement avait été élaborée sur la base de priorités bien définies: - Les installations classées - La pollution des eaux - La pollution sonore - La pollution de l’air et les odeurs incommodantes. Son contenu assez restrictif ne lui permettait pas de prendre en compte tous les éléments fondamentaux de la protection de l’environnement, et de constituer ainsi un texte de base servant de loi-cadre au Sénégal. Par ailleurs, l’évolution de la politique nationale de protection des ressources de l’environnement ainsi que l’accroissement des normes et principes internationaux souscrits par le Sénégal, rendaient nécessaires une refonte et une actualisation du Code de l’environnement. Parmi les éléments qui confortent la nécessité de cette refonte et de cette actualisation, on peut relever notamment: --------------------------------------------------------------------------------------- La suite : http://www.droit-afrique.com/images/textes/Senegal/Senegal%20-%20Code%20environnement.pdf -------------------------------------------------------------------------------------- Loi sur la biosécurité au Sénégal ---------- Le patrimoine génétique de tout organisme vivant subit des modifications naturelles qui sont à la base de l’évolution des espèces. Toutefois, les techniques modernes de génie génétique permettent d’accélérer, de manière délibérée, un tel processus d’évolution et de construire ainsi des organismes génétiquement modifiés (OGM) exprimant des propriétés nouvelles pour l’espèce transformée. L’organisme ainsi modifié peut être la résultante d’une recombinaison génétique par intégration de gènes d’autres organismes de règnes différents. Ce processus de modification est appelé transgénèse. ----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------- Lasuite : http://www.endapronat.org/index.php?option=com_content&view=article&id=62:loi-sur-la-biosecurite-au-senegal&catid=39:environnement&Itemid=53 ----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------- DROIT DE L’ENVIRONNEMENT AU SÉNÉGAL --------------------------------- Le Sénégal, qui couvre une superficie de 196 720 km2 est situé entre le 12° et 17° de latitude nord et 11° et 18° de latitude ouest. Le Sénégal compte 14 régions administratives. Il est limité au nord et au nord-est par la Mauritanie, à l’est et au sud-est par le Mali, au sud par la Guinée et la Guinée-Bissau. La Gambie constitue une enclave à l’intérieur du Sénégal. Au cours de ces dernières années, le Sénégal a eu à faire face à différentes préoccupations environnementales qui vont de la sécheresse à la perte de la biodiversité. Ces préoccupations ont été mises en exergue dans la Lettre de Politique sectorielle de l’environnement (LPSE). En effet, celle-ci affirme que : « A l’instar de la Communauté Internationale, la protection des ressources naturelles et de l’environnement constitue une haute priorité pour les pouvoirs publics. Pays sahélien,disposant d’une côte de plus de 500 km de long avec un climat tropical à faible pluviométrie à proximité du désert du Sahara, le Sénégal mesure le caractère précaire de ses ressources naturelles. Il s’y ajoute les risques liés aux rejets industriels, à la propagation des produits chimiques, un système d’assainissement déficient des eaux usées et d’évaluation des ordures et de l’émission de gaz à effet de serre surtout en milieu urbain ». L’objet de ce cours est de présenter la manière dont le droit positif a pris en charge les différents défis environnementaux. ------------------------------------- http://foad.refer.org/IMG/pdf/Module_22.pdf -------------------------------- http://www.cidce.org/pdf/livre%20rio/rapports%20nationaux/Senegal.pdf

Saturday, 26 March 2011

WEF, IWA Celebrate World Water Day by Announcing Winners of Second Annual World Water Monitoring Day™ Awards

WEF, IWA Celebrate World Water Day by Announcing Winners of Second Annual World Water Monitoring Day™ Awards

Recognized in two categories, winners participated in the 2010 monitoring period
ALEXANDRIA, Va. – In celebration of World Water Day 2011, the Water Environment Federation (WEF) and the International Water Association (IWA) proudly announce the winners of the second annual World Water Monitoring Day (WWMD) Awards. Today also marks the start of the program’s 2011 monitoring period that will run through December 31, 2011.

http://www.wef.org/about/page.aspx?id=9745

WEF, IWA Celebrate World Water Day by Announcing Winners of Second Annual World Water Monitoring Day™ Awards

Recognized in two categories, winners participated in the 2010 monitoring period

ALEXANDRIA, Va. – In celebration of World Water Day 2011, the Water Environment Federation (WEF) and the International Water Association (IWA) proudly announce the winners of the second annual World Water Monitoring Day (WWMD) Awards. Today also marks the start of the program’s 2011 monitoring period that will run through December 31, 2011.

More at:

Water Issues in the Democratic Republic of the Congo: Challenges and Opportunities


http://www.reliefweb.int/rw/rwb.nsf/db900sid/LSGZ-8F7H9J/$File/full_report.pdf

Friday, 25 March 2011

UN’s top climate change official calls on governments to maintain momentum in order to deliver on agreed timelines of Cancun Agreements

UN’s top climate change official calls on governments to maintain momentum in order to deliver on agreed timelines of Cancun Agreements

(Mexico City, 24 March 2011) . Less than two weeks ahead of the UN Climate Change Change Conference in Bangkok (3-8 April 2011), the UN.s top climate change official has called on governments to maintain momentum to ensure that the timelines agreed at the UN Climate Change Conference in Cancun in December of 2010 are met.
.The world was at a crossroads in Cancun . and took a step forward towards a climate-safe world,. said UNFCCC Executive Secretary Christiana Figueres. .Now governments must move purposefully down the path they have set, and that means maintaining momentum at Bangkok in order to take the next big climate step in Durban at the end of the year,. she said.

In water-rich DR Congo, 50 million people lack clean water to drink – UN

In water-rich DR Congo, 50 million people lack clean water to drink – UN
22 March 2011 – An estimated 51 million people in the Democratic Republic of the Congo (DRC) – or three quarters of the population – have no access to safe drinking water, even though the country holds over half of Africa’s water reserves, the United Nations Environment Programme (UNEP) said in a new study released today.


UN’s top climate change official calls on governments to maintain momentum in order to deliver on agreed timelines of Cancun Agreements

UN’s top climate change official calls on governments to maintain momentum in order to deliver on agreed timelines of Cancun Agreements

(Mexico City, 24 March 2011) . Less than two weeks ahead of the UN Climate Change Change Conference in Bangkok (3-8 April 2011), the UN.s top climate change official has called on governments to maintain momentum to ensure that the timelines agreed at the UN Climate Change Conference in Cancun in December of 2010 are met.
.The world was at a crossroads in Cancun . and took a step forward towards a climate-safe world,. said UNFCCC Executive Secretary Christiana Figueres. .Now governments must move purposefully down the path they have set, and that means maintaining momentum at Bangkok in order to take the next big climate step in Durban at the end of the year,. she said.

In water-rich DR Congo, 50 million people lack clean water to drink – UN

22 March 2011 – An estimated 51 million people in the Democratic Republic of the Congo (DRC) – or three quarters of the population – have no access to safe drinking water, even though the country holds over half of Africa’s water reserves, the United Nations Environment Programme (UNEP) said in a new study released today.

http://www.un.org/apps/news/story.asp?NewsID=37850&Cr=DR+Congo&Cr1

Peuples autochtones d’Afrique centrale : en marche vers la reconnaissance

Peuples autochtones d’Afrique centrale : en marche vers la reconnaissance

Pygmées baaka, mbenzélé, babongo, batwa...Venus de toute l’Afrique centrale, des représentants des peuples autochtones se réunissaient à Impfondo, dans le département de la Likouala, au nord de la République du Congo, du 16 au 19 mars. Avec des délégués de leurs gouvernements, des élus, des responsables d’ONG, d’institutions internationales et d’entreprises, ils participaient au FIPAC 2 (Forum international sur les peuples autochtones d’Afrique centrale) qui, trois ans après la première édition organisée dans la même localité, avait pour thème : « Droits des peuples autochtones et dynamiques de la conservation de la biodiversité dans le bassin du Congo ».
« Nous sommes exploités ! Pour travailler une parcelle 6 à 12 ha, nous sommes payés avec quelques habits, quelques "bâtons de cigarette". D’autres nous donnent un peu d’argent : 2000 à 3000 francs [1] », dénonce Benjamin Ngola. Pour ce jeune pygmée originaire de Centrafrique, il n’était pas question d’être abusé par les propriétaires terriens comme l’étaient ses parents. Scolarisé jusqu’à la classe de sixième, il a profité de ce bagage pour partir s’installer au Congo où il exerce depuis trois ans la profession d’enseignant à Enyele, dans le département de la Likouala. Cependant, il estime qu’il n’est toujours pas considéré à l’égal des autres hommes, et rêve d’un ailleurs où la vie serait meilleure et les préjugés moins tenaces.

La suite:

http://www.afrik.com/article22383.html

Integration des évaluations environnementales dans les politiques de protection de l’environnement :

http://www.beninensis.net/Integration_evaluations_environnementales.pdf

Thursday, 24 March 2011

Droit Environnemental au Maroc et au Cameroun

Droit Environnemental au Maroc et au Cameroun


Maroc :


Loi relative à la protection et à la mise en valeur de l’environnement


http://www.droit-afrique.com/images/textes/Maroc/Maroc%20-%20Loi%20environnement.pdf



Cameroun :


LOI-CADRE RELATIVE A LA GESTION DE L’ENVIRONNEMENT


http://www.droit-afrique.com/images/textes/Cameroun/Cameroun%20-%20Loi%20Environnement.pdf

Droit de l’homme à l’environnement et développement durable

Le concept de développement durable est issu du rapport de la Commission mondiale sur l’environnement et
le développement intitulé « notre avenir à tous » (1987) ou rapport Bruntland. Il vise à réconcilier les points
de vue divergents des pays du nord et des pays du sud sur le rôle de l’environnement dans ses relations avec
le développement économique. Au lieu de présenter la protection de l’environnement comme antinomique
avec le développement économique , il s’agit d’instaurer un nouveau type de politique économique qui
intègre les préoccupations d’environnement. C’est ainsi que la déclaration de Rio de 1992 sur
l’environnement et le développement formulera deux propositions qui serviront désormais de lignes
directrices pour l’action de la communauté internationale :
— « le droit au développement doit être réalisé de façon à satisfaire équitablement les besoins relatifs
au développement et à l’environnement des générations présentes et futures » (Principe 3)
— « pour parvenir à un développement durable, la protection de l’environnement doit faire partie
intégrante du processus de développement et ne peut être considérée isolément » (Principe 4)

La suite:


http://www.francophonie-durable.org/documents/colloque-ouaga-a5-prieur.pdf

Saturday, 19 March 2011

Pourquoi est-il nécessaire d'établir un droit à l'eau ?

Pourquoi est-il nécessaire d'établir un droit à l'eau ?

L’eau est une ressource naturelle limitée, mais elle est essentielle à la vie et à la santé. En 2000, l’Organisation mondiale de la santé a estimé que 1,1 milliard de personnes, sur une population de 6 milliards d’êtres humains, n’avaient pas accès à l’approvisionnement en eau potable, tandis que 2,4 milliards de personnes n’avaient pas accès à des systèmes satisfaisants d’assainissement. Par ailleurs, le nombre de personnes - principalement des jeunes enfants et des personnes âgées - qui meurent chaque jour de maladies évitables d’origine hydrique (telles que les maladies diarrhéiques) s’éléverait entre 14 et 30 000. La pauvreté, qui sape les efforts de développement en termes de santé et de droits de l’homme, contribue bien souvent à anéantir la vie de millions de personnes comptant parmi les plus démunies de la planète.


Enthusiasm For 2012 Earth Summit Lagging - IPS ipsnews.net

Enthusiasm For 2012 Earth Summit Lagging - IPS ipsnews.net

Wednesday, 16 March 2011

Environmental justice: Rights and means to a healthy environment for all

Environmental justice: Rights and means to a healthy environment for all


There is growing evidence of the links between environmental problems and social injustices.
Environmental justice is the idea that brings both together. It researches the extent of linkages between environmental and social injustice, and asks whether it is possible to tackle both social exclusion and environmental problems through integrated policies and developments.
At the same time, there is an emerging toolkit for governments,individuals and communities to use to implement environmental justice. New assessment techniques,policies,and laws now allow the more transparent establishment of rights and responsibilities,and this in turn brings new legal,reputational and financial risks for those acting in an irresponsible way.


More at :


Human Rights or Environmental Rights? A Reassessment


Environmental rights do not fit neatly into any single category or "generation" of human rights. They can be viewed from at least three perspectives, straddling all the various categories or generations of human rights. First, existing civil and political rights can be used to give individuals, groups and nongovernmental organizations (NGOs) access to
environmental information, judicial remedies and political processes. On this view their role is one of empowerment: facilitating participation in environmental decision-making and compelling governments to meet minimum standards of protection for life, private life and property from environmental harm. A second possibility is to treat a decent, healthy or sound environment as an economic or social right, comparable to those whose
progressive attainment is promoted by the 1966 United Nations (UN) Covenant on Economic Social and Cultural Rights. The main argument for this approach is that it would privilege environmental quality as a value, giving it comparable status to other economic and social rights, such as development, and priority over non rights-based objectives. Like other economic and social rights, it would be programmatic and in most cases enforceable only through relatively weak international supervisory mechanisms. The third option would treat environmental quality as a collective or solidarity right, giving communities (“peoples”) rather than individuals a right to determine how their environment and natural resources should be protected and managed.


More at:
http://www.law.ed.ac.uk/file_download/publications/0_1221_humanrightsorenvironmentalrightsareasses.pdf

Monday, 14 March 2011

QUATRIÈME SESSION DE L’ORGANE DIRECTEUR DU TRAITÉ INTERNATIONAL SUR LES RESSOURCES PHYTOGÉNÉTIQUES

QUATRIÈME SESSION DE L’ORGANE DIRECTEUR DU TRAITÉ INTERNATIONAL SUR LES RESSOURCES PHYTOGÉNÉTIQUES DESTINÉES À L’ALIMENTATION ET À L’AGRICULTURE
14 - 18 MARS 2011

La quatrième session de l’Organe directeur (OD 4) du Traité international sur les ressources phytogénétiques destinées à l’alimentation et à l'agriculture (le Traité ou le TIRPG) débute aujourd'hui et se poursuivra jusqu'au 18 mars 2011, à Bali, en Indonésie. Elle a été précédée par une Conférence ministérielle de haut niveau, organisée par le gouvernement de l'Indonésie (11 mars 2011), et deux jours de consultations régionales (12 et 13 mars 2011).
On s'attend à ce que l’Organe directeur examine la mise en œuvre du Système multilatéral du Traité (SMT) sur l'accès et le partage des avantages (APA), adopte des procédures et des mécanismes opérationnels visant à promouvoir l’application du Traité et aborde les problèmes de non-application, et fournisse davantage de directives concernant les prochains cycles de projet du Fonds sur le partage des avantages du Traité. La réunion traitera également : des règles de gestion financière de l’Organe directeur ; de la mise en œuvre de la Stratégie de financement du Traité ; de l’exercice des fonctions de la tierce partie bénéficiaire ; des droits des agriculteurs ; de la mise en œuvre de l'Article 6 (Utilisation durable des ressources phytogénétiques) ; du projet de plan d'action pour la mise en œuvre du Traité ; de la coopération avec les organisations concernées ; et le programme de travail et le budget pour 2012-2013.

Pour plus d'informations:

http://www.iisd.ca/vol09/enb09545f.html

Tuesday, 8 March 2011

Sustainable farming practices key to combating climate change

Sustainable farming practices key to combating climate change

What do insects, trees and agricultural crops have in common? They can all play a role in making farming more sustainable and environmentally-friendly and contribute towards ensuring food security.

The International Crops Research Institute for the Semi-Arid Tropics (ICRISAT) has an outpost in Mali where researchers study sustainable farming - investigating new varieties of sorghum, for example. Along with rice, wheat and corn, sorghum is one of the world's most important food crops.
The researchers involve local communities in their efforts to grow different crop varieties, with men helping out on the fields and women cooking with what they harvest. Local farmers continue growing the most promising new crops.
The scientists' aim is not just to develop more resilient crops but also to help secure small farmers' livelihoods. According to a recent study by the United Nations Conference on Trade and Development, smallholder farms could be the key to reducing climate change and securing food supply.
The report concluded that innovations and major improvements in cultivation methods used by smallholder farmers are needed to restore food security, and urged a "green revolution" built on technology and innovation aimed at the needs and capabilities of millions of smallholder farmers and at coping with varying climate conditions.
In search of perfect rice
In both Africa and Asia, populations are growing rapidly. Their diet consists primarily of rice. But rice farmers are hard hit by climate change, with the rainy season less predictable than ever before.
The result is that farmers are unable to plan their planting and harvesting and are therefore seeing lower yields. At the International Rice Institute, IRRI, in the Philippines, experts are conducting research to improve rice for better grain quality and higher yield, resistance to pests and diseases and tolerance of environmental stresses. This involves genetically modifying the rice in laboratories.
Using less water in the rice fields is a first step to making rice farming greener. The warm, waterlogged soil of rice paddies provides ideal conditions for methanogenesis. Studies show that methane is up to 30 times more harmful for the environment than CO2. Much of the methane produced by human activity (300 to 400 million tons a year) originates in rice fields, 90 per cent of which are in Asia.
One way to tackle this problem is to flood the rice paddies every few days – rather than having them permanently flooded. This way, the fields dry out and the soil-dwelling microbes die. The microbes  absorb carbon released by the plants' roots and use it to make methane, which is then released into the soil and emitted from there into the atmosphere.
This method saves water and reduced methane emmissions. But its success is a matter of debate.
"Rice is farmed in regions that get flooded by monsoons and where there is therefore no alternative to rice," agroecologist Folkard Asch from the University of Hohenheim in Germany said.
Methane would be released even in the absence of rice paddies, since all waterlogged fields inevitably contain the microbes. Asch has conducted research to find out how rice reacts to altered climatic conditions and established that rice farming that uses less water only yields satisfactory harvests in peak seasons. But if the climate changes, yield is immediately affected.
Antagonists as aids
Josef Settele from the Helmholtz Center for Environmental Research takes a different approach, and proposes a more natural method of making rice farming more sustainable:
"The use of antagonist insects means we don't have to resort to genetically-modified plants which are more resistant to pests," he points out. Antagonists are the natural enemies of pests and not only useful to farmers but also to the environment, since they mean farmers can use less pesticides. In order to encourage them to breed, the rice paddies should be surrounded by natural and diverse vegetation.
This method would protect against erosion, stabilize the water supply and help secure stable yields. According to Stefan Sieber from the Leibniz Center for Agricultural Landscape Research (ZALF), agriculture in general is seeing a shift away from monocultures to intercropping – with farmers growing trees, for example, in between rows of sorghum.
It is increasingly obvious that sustainable farming is slowly becoming the only option, stresses Marita Wiggerthale from Oxfam. "It reduces poverty, boosts the food supply and reduces the effects of climate change," she says.
But flawed farming practices are not the only reason for world hunger. According to one US study, 25 percent of food in the US is thrown out. Improved distribution of the world's resources is therefore key to food security. Sustainable agriculture is just one part of the solution. 
Author: Michaela Fuehrer (jp)
Editor: Sonia Phalnikar


Sarawak: Sarawak Natives File Historical Land Rights Case

Sarawak: Sarawak Natives File Historical Land Rights Case

 Kelabit, Penan and Lun Bawang plaintiffs join forces to claim 1770 km2 of tropical rainforests in Upper Limbang, Sarawak – first land rights litigation uniting three ethnic groups in Malaysian Borneo

For the first time in the history of Malaysia, natives from three different tribes have filed a joint land rights litigation. This morning, representatives from the Kelabit, Penan and Lun Bawang communities of Upper Limbang, Sarawak, on the island of Borneo have filed a joint land rights litigation at the Miri High Court in which they are claiming native customary rights over 1770 km2 of tropical forests in the Limbang river basin. The case is being represented by native rights lawyer Baru Bian who also heads the Sarawak branch of the oppositional Justice Party (PKR).



 

Sarawak: Sarawak Natives File Historical Land Rights Case

Sarawak: Sarawak Natives File Historical Land Rights Case

 Kelabit, Penan and Lun Bawang plaintiffs join forces to claim 1770 km2 of tropical rainforests in Upper Limbang, Sarawak – first land rights litigation uniting three ethnic groups in Malaysian Borneo

For the first time in the history of Malaysia, natives from three different tribes have filed a joint land rights litigation. This morning, representatives from the Kelabit, Penan and Lun Bawang communities of Upper Limbang, Sarawak, on the island of Borneo have filed a joint land rights litigation at the Miri High Court in which they are claiming native customary rights over 1770 km2 of tropical forests in the Limbang river basin. The case is being represented by native rights lawyer Baru Bian who also heads the Sarawak branch of the oppositional Justice Party (PKR).

http://indigenouspeoplesissues.com/index.php?option=com_content&view=article&id=9237:sarawak-sarawak-natives-file-historical-land-rights-case&catid=62:southeast-asia-indigenous-peoples&Itemid=84

Patricia Okoed-Bukumunhe wins UNEP Young Environmental Journalist Award

Patricia Okoed-Bukumunhe wins UNEP Young Environmental Journalist Award

Patricia Okoed-Bukumunhe wins UNEP Young Environmental Journalist A

Patricia Okoed-Bukumunhe wins UNEP Young Environmental Journalist Award


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